InfoKekinian.com – This article will discuss the biography of Mohammad Hatta, an important figure in Indonesian history. He was born on August 12, 1902 in Bukittinggi, West Sumatra.
Mohammad Hatta was a statesman, freedom fighter and economist who played a key role in Indonesia's struggle for independence.
As the son of a respected family, Mohammad Hatta received a good education at the Malay School in Bukittinggi, before continuing his studies in the Netherlands.
There, he earned a bachelor's degree in economics from the University of Rotterdam in 1932.
Returning to Indonesia, Mohammad Hatta joined the nationalist movement and played an important role in founding the Indonesian National Party (PNI) and the Association of Indonesian Muslims (Perti).
He was also a member of the Central Indonesian National Committee (KNIP) and Indonesia's first vice president.
Through his persistent struggle and various contributions to the Indonesian nation, Mohammad Hatta deserves to be respected and remembered forever.
Biography of Mohammad Hatta Concerning Early Life and Education
Mohammad Hatta born into a respected family in Bukittinggi, West Sumatra.
His father, Haji Mohammad Djamil, was a renowned cleric and his mother, Siti Saleha, came from an aristocratic Minangkabau family.
Both parents were very concerned about their children's education, including Mohammad Hatta.
After completing his basic education at the Bukittinggi Malay School, Mohammad Hatta continued his studies in the Netherlands in 1922.
There, he studied at various universities, including the University of the Netherlands East (Nederlandsch Oost-Indische Universiteit) in Bandung and the University of Rotterdam.
In 1932, Mohammad Hatta succeeded in obtaining a degree in economics from the University of Rotterdam.
While in the Netherlands, he was actively involved in various Indonesian student organizations and fought for Indonesian independence.
Returning to Indonesia in 1932, Mohammad Hatta joined the nationalist movement and played an important role in the struggle for independence.
One of his early assignments was as a teacher at the Islamic College in Bandung and as an editorial member of the Education Magazine.
Mohammad Hatta's early life and education provides an overview of the background and experiences that shaped his views and thoughts in fighting for Indonesian independence.
Political Activism in the Struggle for Independence
After returning to Indonesia, Mohammad Hatta joined the nationalist movement and played an important role in founding the Indonesian National Party (PNI) in 1927.
Apart from that, he was also involved in various other organizations, such as the Indonesian Association, Boedi Oetomo, and Sarekat Islam.
In 1939, Mohammad Hatta and Soekarno founded a new political organization called the Greater Indonesia Party (Parindra), which aimed to unite all nationalist forces in the struggle for independence.
However, after the Japanese occupied Indonesia in 1942, Parindra was disbanded and Mohammad Hatta and Soekarno were imprisoned.
After Japan surrendered at the end of World War II, Mohammad Hatta and Sukarno played an important role in proclaiming Indonesia's independence on August 17, 1945.
Mohammad Hatta was later appointed as Indonesia's first vice president and played an important role in establishing the newly independent nation.
During his tenure as vice president, Mohammad Hatta was actively involved in various government policies and programs.
She became a leader in drafting the 1945 Constitution, formulating national economic policies, and fighting for women's rights.
Mohammad Hatta's political activism in the struggle for Indonesian independence shows his sincerity and determination in fighting for the independence of the Indonesian nation.
Contribution to the Development of Post-Independence Indonesia
After Indonesia's independence, Mohammad Hatta played an important role in the development of the newly independent nation.
He served as vice president until 1956 and then prime minister until 1959.
As government leader, Mohammad Hatta fought for national development based on people's welfare.
He fights for development programs that are oriented towards economic development, education and health. In addition, he also fought for the rights of workers and farmers.
During his reign, Mohammad Hatta led the preparation of the First Five Year Development Plan (Repelita I) in 1956.
Repelita I became the basis for national economic development in Indonesia at that time.
Apart from that, Mohammad Hatta also fought for women's rights and gender equality in Indonesia.
She became one of the founders of the Association of State Officials' Wives (Perwari) and fought for women's rights in various fields, including politics, economics, and social affairs.
Mohammad Hatta's contribution to post-independence Indonesia's development shows his determination and sincerity in fighting for the welfare of the people.
Thoughts and Views of Mohammad Hatta
As a nationalist and statesman figure, Mohammad Hatta has very rich and varied thoughts and views. Following are some of them:
1. Nationalism and Patriotism
Mohammad Hatta really believed in the values of nationalism and patriotism.
He fought for Indonesian independence with determination and high enthusiasm and saw that a sense of nationalism and patriotism was very important to build a strong and independent nation.
2. People's Welfare
Mohammad Hatta views that people's welfare must be the main focus in national development.
He fights for programs oriented towards economic development, education and health to improve people's welfare.
Mohammad Hatta has a critical view of the capitalist economic system.
He views that a just and equitable economic system must be the main goal in national economic development.
He fought for strengthening the people's economy and cooperatives.
Mohammad Hatta views education as the key to developing a strong and independent nation.
He fights for quality and equitable education for all levels of society.
Mohammad Hatta believed in democratic values and saw that democracy was the most suitable political system for the Indonesian nation.
He fought for freedom of expression, freedom of the press and human rights.
Mohammad Hatta's thoughts and views which cover various aspects of politics, economics, and social shows his broad and comprehensive vision in building an independent and sovereign Indonesian state.
Political Career of Mohammad Hatta
After Indonesia's independence, Mohammad Hatta continued to be active in politics and held various important positions in the government.
The following is a summary of Mohammad Hatta's political career after Indonesia's independence:
1. Vice President
Mohammad Hatta served as the first vice president of the Republic of Indonesia in the period 1945-1950.
During his tenure, he played an important role in fighting for Indonesian independence and building a post-independence nation.
2. Prime Minister
In 1948, Mohammad Hatta became the first prime minister of the Republic of Indonesia and served until 1950.
During his tenure, he focused on economic and social development, as well as fighting for Indonesia's independence on the international stage.
After serving as prime minister, Mohammad Hatta was appointed as Indonesian ambassador to India in 1952.
During his time as ambassador, he strengthened diplomatic relations between Indonesia and India and promoted economic and cultural cooperation between the two countries.
4. Chairman of the Working Committee of the Central Indonesian National Committee (BP KNIP)
Mohammad Hatta served as chairman of BP KNIP in 1956-1959. BP KNIP is a provisional legislative body formed in the early days of Indonesian independence.
5. Minister of Foreign Affairs
In 1959, Mohammad Hatta was appointed as foreign minister in Ali Sastroamidjojo II's cabinet.
During his tenure as foreign minister, he strengthened Indonesia's diplomatic relations with other countries and promoted international peace and security.
6. Chairman of the Supreme Advisory Council (DPA)
Mohammad Hatta became chairman of the DPA in 1960-1966. DPA is an institution established to provide advice to the president in formulating state policies.
Through the various important positions he has held, Mohammad Hatta has made a major contribution in building the post-independence Indonesian state.
He is one of the important figures in the history of Indonesia's struggle for independence and deserves to be respected and remembered for all time.
That's a brief biography of Mohammad Hatta that you need to know. Given that Mohammad Hatta was one of the important figures in the struggle for Indonesian independence and also the development of the post-independence country.
As a nationalist and statesman figure, he has a broad and comprehensive vision of national development based on people's welfare.
Mohammad Hatta's contribution in fighting for the rights of workers, farmers and women shows that he is a leader who cares about the fate of the common people.
Apart from that, his thoughts and views on politics, economics and social matters have also become an important basis for national development in Indonesia.
Therefore, as a nation of Indonesia, we should celebrate the struggle and contribution of Mohammad Hatta in building an independent and independent nation.
Hopefully this article can provide inspiration and insight into the history and thoughts of Mohammad Hatta for readers.