Infokekinian.com – Below is information about the differences between animal cells and plant cells along with tables, so watch this article to the end to find out more complete and clear information.
Two types of living things that are almost similar to humans are animals and plants. Similar to the human cell, both categories of living things exist.
From several functions and components it can be seen that plant cells and animal cells are different from one another.
Animal and plant cells differ significantly from each other. Starting from the physical elements, survival techniques, characteristics, and types.
Unlike animals, which must obtain their food from outside sources, plants can make their own food through a process known as photosynthesis.
Cells express the most profound differences between plants and animals. Animal and plant cells differ from each other in several important ways.
All parts of plants and animals will be affected by these cell differences. Think of it as plant and animal forms.
Therefore, both have very different growth and life patterns, which are clearly related to the different cell types in plants and animals.
A complete explanation of the differences between animal cells and plant cells is provided below for those of you who are interested.
Differences between Animal Cells and Plant Cells
The difference between animal cells and plant cells can be seen clearly from several components and parts.
There are some parts of cells that only animal cells have, but there are also certain parts that only plant cells have.
Most importantly, the difference between animal cells and plant cells can be seen in the cell wall. Centrioles, vacuoles, plastids and lysosomes.
The following is a full explanation of these differences and their functions:
1. Cell Wall
The part that shows the clearest difference is the cell wall. Plant cells have a cell wall, while animal cells do not have a cell wall.
The function of the plant cell wall is to maintain the shape of the cell and provide protection for the cell.
This cell wall consists of several parts such as cellulose and hemicellulose. Whereas in animal cells that do not have a cell wall there is only a plasma membrane which functions as the outermost part of the cell.
The next difference is in the centrioles, where centrioles can only be found in animal cells and not in plant cells.
Centrioles are a pair of cylindrical structures with a hole in the middle which are composed of protein microtubules.
The function of the centrioles in animal cells is to regulate the polarity of cell division and the formation of cilia, flagella and chromosome separators during the cell division process.
The next one is in the vacuole section, where this section is definitely present in plant cells while in animal cells it may or may not exist.
Generally vacuoles in plant cells have a larger size and a more prominent shape.
Its function is to enter water through the tonoplast as well as a cell storehouse containing water and other soluble substances.
Meanwhile, animal cells that have vacuoles are only found in single-celled animals with relatively small sizes.
Plastids are also the part that shows the differences between animal cells and plant cells. Animal cells generally do not have plastids while plant cells do have plastids.
In plant cells, these plastids have chloroplasts whose function is to make plants able to make their own food or better known as autotrophs.
Chloroplasts or green leaf substance is useful as a place of photosynthesis in plants. While animal cells do not have plastids, they cannot produce their own food.
Lysosomes are also the part that shows the differences between animal cells and plant cells. You can only find this part in animal cells, but not in plant cells.
Animal cells have lysosomes in the cytoplasm where this content has a number of enzymes whose function is to assist in the process of digestion or breakdown of substances in animal cells.
While plant cells have very little potential for lysosomes, it can even be said that no plant cells have this part.
Table of Differences in Animal and Plant Cells
In addition to the several differences described above, here is a table of differences that can be shown in more detail and is easy to understand.
Pictures of Animal Cells and Plant Cells
It turns out that there are so many differences that you can find in animal cells and plant cells. This difference can make the function of animal cells and plant cells different.
This also makes the growth patterns of animals and plants very different. After looking at the table of differences between animal cells and plant cells above, here is a picture of animal cells and plant cells.
From the picture above, it can be seen clearly how the two are different, starting from the shape of the arrangement, to the size. The different parts of the two cells will affect their respective functions.
Quick Tips to Memorize the Differences in Animal and Plant Cells
For contemporary friends, now you don't need to be confused anymore. Because we have tips for quickly memorizing the differences that have been written above.
The easy way is to sing a song, you know Youvie and Nuno's song entitled Janji Suci?
If you know, we will sing the song but with the lyrics replaced with the lyrics as below:
Youvie and Nuno's song tone – Janji Suci
Plant cells are different from animal cells
Plant cells have a cell wall
Also have, larger vacuoles
Compared to that of animal cells
Plant cells have chloroplasts
Plays a role in photosynthesis
However, plant cells do not have centrioles like animal cells
Plays a role in cleavage
That's all the difference
Similarities between animal and plant cells
Both have cell membranes
Cytoplasm is the fluid of the cell
The nucleus is the control center of the cell
Some are smooth, some are rough
The rough one is because of the ribosome
Its function is protein synthesis
Mitochondria are the source of energy
And the golgi body is the place of excretion
There are cell organelles in the form of a bag
They are membrane bound lysosomes
Contains hydrolytic enzymes
To control digestion
That's a little information about the differences in animal and plant cells, as well as their influence on differences in animal and plant growth patterns.
Then what about human cells, are they different from the two forms and arrangement of these cells? Of course, the human cell itself has a much more complex and perfect structure.
So that even though they cannot produce their own food, humans can carry out their functions more perfectly than animals or plants.
As for the growth of animal cells themselves, plant cells and human cells also have such great differences.
Thus the article regarding the Differences between Animal Cells and Plant Cells and Tables and don't forget to continue visiting the Infokekinian website.
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