In reading the Koran, apart from knowing the hijaiyah letters well, you also have to know the tajwid, such as the example of reading the idgham bighunnah. To learn the Koran, it is very important to learn tajwid well.
This knowledge of tajwid functions to find out how you will pronounce the letters in the Al-Quran properly and correctly. That way, you can read the Al-Quran well and get many rewards from Allah SWT.
For idgham itself means to include or mentasydidkan. Whereas for bighunnah means is buzzing. So that the idgham bighunnah is to recite by entering or mentasydid letters accompanied by reverberation.
The Law of Reading Idgham Bighunnah
The law of reading idgham bighunnah occurs when there is a dead nun or tanwin meeting one of the 4 hijaiyah letters which are Yaa, Nun, Mim, and Wawu in two pronunciations.
More specifically, it merges one letter that is in front of it into the letter that comes after it. Where in Arabic it is called ditasydid.
How to Read Idgham Bighunnah's Law
The way to read from the bighunnah idgham law is to enter or recite letters idgham after the letter nun dies in a buzzing way.
So, when you find verses in the Al-Quran that contain hijaiyah letters in the form of nun breadfruit (nun mati) or tanwin (an, in, un), meet one of the 4 hijaiyah letters which include Yaa, Nun, Mim, and Wawu, then you should read it buzzingly.
This is what is then called the recitation of the tajwid idgham bighunnah. Where you only have to memorize the 4 hijaiyah letters that are met with nun mati and tanwin.
Examples of Idgham Bighunnah Readings
For those of you who are going to learn more about it, it would be better if you immediately opened the Al-Quran and applied it. Because in the Al-Quran you can find several verses that use the bighunnah idgham.
For example, what is contained in Surah Al-Humazah verse 2 which reads, "Alladzi jama'a maa lawwa'addadah”. Recognized in the word "maa lan wa'addadah"with the law of reading idgham bighunnah to be read"ma lawwa'addadah”.
Then the next example is found in surah Az-Zalzalah verse 7. Where there is a reading "famayya'mal mitsqoola dzarrotin khoiroyyaroh”. In the inscription "faman ya'mal"There is a rule of reading idghom bighunnah which reads as"famayya'mal”.
How to Distinguish Idgham Bighunnah and Izhar Obligatory
Not a few people who, when reading the Koran and find the law of reading idgham bighunnah, will usually be stuck with the nun breadfruit letters connected in one word.
The nun breadfruit letters are connected with the hijaiyah letters, which are one of the four letters in the bighunnah idgham. Under these conditions, it cannot be called the law of reading idgham bighunnah.
The reading law is called obligatory izhar. Where when you read it, it must be read clearly, firmly, and not with a buzz. So, try to read carefully and tartil. So that your reading can be further improved.
Immediately Practice And Repeat
It is known that every tajwid law has a different way of reading, including the idgham bighunnah. Therefore, so that you don't forget quickly, it would be better if you practice it directly.
However, make sure that you are with people who are truly experts and can help correct if something goes wrong, then it can be fixed right away. So, you can find out where the error is and immediately evaluate it.
So, it will be useless if you already know what hijaiyah letters are included in the bighunnah idgham law, but in practice you still read it wrong. With practice, you will get used to it and your ability to read the Koran can increase.
Apart from being practiced, it is also important to always repeat reading it. You can repeat it regularly so that you are more mature with the knowledge of tajwidini. This is effective in preventing you from forgetfulness.
By knowing what idgham bighunnah is and what are the examples of reading it, you can even more improve your ability to read the Al-Quran. In addition, you can also pass on this knowledge to other people who don't understand it.