The following are the flower parts and their functions – In the following we will explain the parts of the flower and their functions, and we will also explain how do flowers reproduce? Come on, see more details in the following article!

Everyone likes flowers. Many women are captivated by flowers in particular. This is because of its beautiful shape, attractive color and sweet fragrance. Flowers are often used to enhance the aesthetic appeal of exterior or interior spaces of a home.

For flower enthusiasts, it is not enough to know many species. However, it is very important to have a thorough understanding of the many elements of a flower. So, in this post, we will examine in depth the components of a flower.

The Parts of a Flower and Their Functions

The Parts of a Flower and Their Functions

Flowering plants reproduce sexually through the creation of flowers, which are commonly referred to as flowers. Not only humans have reproductive organs, flowers also contain reproductive organs, especially stamens and pistils.

The components of interest can occur individually or together in a sequence. A group of flowers known as inflorescences or compound inflorescences can be seen in flowers. In certain species, complex flowers or inflorescences are classified as flowers (single), for example Anthurium flowers and sunflowers. Here are the flower parts and their functions. Check out the full review below!

Flowers and Their Functions

The flower part is the part of the plant used to produce seeds. In fact, pollination and fertilization occur in flowers. Flowers will continue to grow and mature into fruit after the fertilization process occurs. In blooming plants, the fruit, on the other hand, serves as both a vessel and a means of preserving seeds.

Flowers have many functions as follows:

1. Biological functions – flower parts and their functions

Male and female gametes join in this structure to produce seeds, which is how flowers use them as sexual organs or as vessels for such fusion.

2. Bright color of flowers

Attracting animals to help pollinate is easier when the flowers are colorful.

3. Gives off a distinctive aroma – the parts of the flower and their functions

Flowers create heat and emit a unique fragrance to attract animals to speed up the pollination process.

Now, after understanding about flowers and also the role of flowers, now is the time for you to get to know more about the components of flowers. Here's the review:

The Parts of a Flower and Their Functions

Stamens – parts of a flower and their functions

Stamens are an important element of a flower. Stamens are the male reproductive organs in flowers. Stamens, anther tips, and flowers all belong to stamens, which are actually made up of several parts. Microsporangia, the four-flowered flower, is the most common type.

Development of haploid microsporangia and spores containing pollen grains. As a result, the pollen produced is scattered, fallen or transported to the nearest flower pistil or to other flowers by wind, water or animals. Pollination occurs as a result of carrying pollen grains.

Flower stalk

The flower stem is an equally important feature of the flower. Flowers are located at the bottom. There is a Latin term for this particular component, which is called Pedicellus. The flower stalk has a slightly different purpose than the main stem. The flower stalk is the part that is located under the last flower among other flower parts.

more precisely the flower stalk is the link between the flower stalk and the twig. Another way of saying this is that you can pick flowers from flower stems. So that the flower stalk is hidden under the flower.

Fundamentals of Flowers – flower parts and their functions

The base of the flower is at the top of the flower stalk or at the bottom of the flower. more precisely, the base of this flower follows the flower stalk or at the end of the flower. At the base of the flower, the Latin word for "container" can be found. The base of the flower also serves a purpose, primarily as a place to place the crown of the other floral components.

Flower petals

Another important feature of a flower is the petals. The petals are on the outside of the flower and are very important for protecting the corolla when the flower is in budding state.

The main use of the calyx is to protect the corolla when it is still a bud and the petals open when the corolla begins to open. It is very rare for flower petals to imitate leaves because of their similar color and shape.

So do not be surprised if flower petals are the most important element of a plant. When the flower has started to bloom, the flower petals also open. When the flower has started to fully bloom, the flower petals will bloom naturally and be shaped almost like a flower, but with green leaves.

Flower Crown – flower parts and their functions

The flower crown is the most attractive feature of the flower. What makes this crown beautiful is its vibrant color. The flower crown is a flower decoration. the beauty of the flower crown that attracts insects to perch and facilitates the flower pollination process.

Flower crowns have another name, namely crowns with various designs, so they become the main target for insects to collect stamens. The main role of the flower stalk is as a guard. Right at the base of the flower stem, you will find the placement of the flower petals.

Shield Leaf (Brachtea)

The protective part of the flower or the scientific language Brachtea is a different part of the flower petals. Because the flower blooms only on the last leaves, which serve as a protective barrier. Flowers can thus grow and develop in the armpits of these leaves.

Breeding In Flowers

Stigma (Stigma) – part of the flower and its function

The pollen from the anthers attaches to and enters through the stigma, which is the scientific term for the nipple heads. Through the pollen tube, pollen is then sent to the ovary or egg nucleus of the flower.

Pistil stalk (Stylus) – the part of the flower and its function

The pistil has a scientific term, namely the stylus. By using the stylus, you can ensure that the stigma stays in the correct place. Pollen ducts or tube spaces can be seen on the pistil. This tube is a place that is used for transporting pollen from the anthers which will then be forwarded to the generative nucleus or ovary for fertilization to occur.

Will Fruit (Ovary) – part of the flower and its function

Ovaries can be named ovaries. Fertilization can occur in the ovaries. In this section, a process will occur where male gametes fuse with female gametes. Ovules will be produced as a result of this process.

Will Seeds (Ovulum)

During the development of the ovule, the process of making seeds takes place, resulting in the fully formed seed. This ovule is essential for the survival of future generations of plants by aiding in the growth or preservation of plants.

Breeding In Flowers

Stamens, or male cells, and pistils, or female cells, can be described as the reproductive organs of flowering plants based on the conclusions from the previous discussion. So, what is the process of flower plant reproduction?

1. Flowering plants reproduce or reproduce by forming a seed.

2. These seeds come from the formation that occurs from male sex cells and female sex cells. The male sex cells are in the form of pollen and the female sex cells are in the form of fruit.

3. The thing that must be underlined in the reproduction of flowering plants is the process of fertilization where the pollen (male) must enter the inside of the pistil (female).

Every flower plant breeding is always accompanied by pollination. Pollen is transferred to the pistil through the threads during the pollination process. Self pollination and cross pollination are two forms of pollination.

1. Self-pollinated

Self-pollination is possible only in the same floral plant or in different species of flowers, but only in the same species as a whole.

Self-pollination can be found in barley, long beans, sesame, rice, beans, and others. However, self-pollination has a drawback, namely the seeds produced from this pollination cannot germinate.

Self-pollination is further separated into two forms, namely natural self-pollination and artificial self-pollination.

If a pollinating flower has all its reproductive organs, self-pollination will naturally occur. Stamens and pistils, both found in one flower, make up the reproductive organs as a whole.

In other words, a flower plant that does not have all of its reproductive parts cannot naturally self-pollinate.

Pollination that occurs as a result of human involvement is known as artificial self-pollination. Self-pollination facilitated by human involvement is called self-pollination or self-pollination.

As a result of this method of pollination, people collect the stamens from the stamens of the flower plant and then deposit the pollen on the pistil.

2. Cross pollination

Cross pollination will be the next topic of discussion after this. Cross pollination is the pollination of the stamens and pistils that occurs in two different plants.

In the cross-pollination process, an intermediary is needed. To transfer pollen from one flower to the next, it uses these intermediaries. You can detect mediators in this cross-pollination in insects, such as butterflies, wasps, hummingbirds, and wind.

These nectar-eating animals really need flowers as a source of food because flowers provide nectar. Cross pollination occurs when pollen from one flower attaches to the pistil of a flower visited by the same animal.

The thing that needs to be emphasized in cross-pollination is that not all flowers are liked by insects. In general, these insects will only eat flowers if the color and aroma are very attractive to them. However, unlike the butterfly insect. As long as the flowers still contain honey, butterflies adore them.

Assisted or intermediate pollination occurs most frequently in flower plants without corolla and petals such as weeds.


Functions of the 10 Most Complete Flower Parts. Flowering plants reproduce sexually through the creation of flowers.

Flowers have many functions as follows: Male and female gametes join in this structure to produce seeds, that is how flowers use them as sexual organs or as vessels for the fusion. Pollination occurs because pollen is carried.

Now that's an explanation of how flowers reproduce and the flower parts and their functions. Hope it's useful!