Getting to Know Social Interaction: Definition, Terms, and Forms Interaction is something that can never be separated from humans who act as social beings. To get to know social interaction further, let's see this article until it's finished.

Talking about important topics isn't the only way to interact, sometimes, trivia talk might be a very important way to provide details.

What is Social Interaction
For example, if someone has a problem, they will definitely share their experience with their friends, parents or other family members to express feelings of relief and get the best guidance. So what exactly is social interaction?

What Is Social Interaction?

For recognize social interactions, of course we must know the meaning first.

Where the word interaction refers to actions that occur in two or more people who react reciprocally through direct or indirect touch, is the root of the phrase "social interaction“.

Because humans are social beings who cannot survive alone and depend on other people, they are social, indicating mutual fortune or mutual cooperation.

The idea of social interaction is simply the mutual relationship between terms and groups to create friendships, conversations, and partnerships that are used in social life.

Characteristics of Social Interaction

Charles P. Loomis, a sociologist, identifies the characteristics of social interaction as follows:

  1. There is more than one or maybe more than the number of perpetrators
  2. Actors can communicate with each other using symbols
  3. There is a certain purpose, either the same or not the same.

Terms of Social Interaction

Terms of Social Interaction
Because humans will always need each other to thrive, we cannot isolate ourselves from relationships in our daily lives.

More precisely, social interaction must meet the following 2 conditions so that it can take place:

1. Social Contact

In a sociological sense, social contact includes not only face-to-face interactions but also establishing contact without being physically present.

Such as exchanging information via telephone, radio, or even e-mail, as well as social interactions that have developed over time.

Social interactions fall into two categories:

  1. Primary social contact, is direct face-to-face contact
  2. Secondary social contact, is a type of interaction that occurs over the phone, email, or even through social media.

2. Communication

Communication is important in social interaction with the aim of disclosing behavior, including interactions, attitudes, even gestures that send signals.

However, there are a number of important components to communication, including:

  1. The communicator in a partnership or relationship is a person or group of individuals who communicates a message
  2. An individual or group that communicates with the communicator is known as the communicant
  3. Message is something conveyed by the communicator. Messages often include facts, questions, and even expressions of feelings and emotions
  4. The media is an intermediary for conveying messages that can be in the form of oral, written, film, pictures and explicit messages.
  5. The expected effect of change on the communicant as a result of receiving messages from the communicator.
  6. Interpersonal communication, which has many theories in it, can be defined as communication that occurs between two individuals.

Types and Examples of Social Interaction

Types and Examples of Social Interaction
For a better understanding of social interactions, Here are the types and examples:

1. Individual to Individual Social Interaction

Individual social interaction is a meeting between two people with the aim of eliciting a response or action that will lead to friendship and cooperation if the reaction is favorable, but does not rule out conflict or disagreement if the reaction is bad.


  1. When you meet, extend a friendly greeting and ask for any needs
  2. Invite sister to ride a bike
  3. A student is given a language lesson by the tutor.

2. Individual Social Interaction with Groups

Individual social interactions with groups usually involve more than three people who will convey information, whether it's about promotions or even seminars.

In addition, this social interaction is usually communicated by only a few people, after which many individuals or groups will listen to the information communicated.


  1. Make yourself a resource person for seminar activities
  2. Distribute creatives to environments
  3. During the ceremony, the principal addressed the students.

3. Group interaction with groups

Meetings of two or more groups with diverse groups, to discuss topics that are relevant but not personal, are referred to as group interactions.

In order to communicate among groups, you may need to be extra careful when presenting the advantages and disadvantages because everyone's point of view can be used against you.


  1. To win the cleanliness competition at the celebration of the Republic of Indonesia's 17th anniversary on August 17, young mass organizations invite the community to work together to clean the yard
  2. To end crime in their environment, the TNI and Police groups communicate socially.

It's hard to bring people with different personalities together, but it's important to communicate the purpose of the interaction clearly and politely.

Since effective communication will bring harmony and agreement, it may be a long term phenomenon.

For example, the relationship between the company's business and customers, people you can trust, and other things.

Social Interaction Patterns

Social Interaction Patterns
Patterns of Social Interaction When good social relations are realized, social interactions between individuals and groups that are dynamic and follow certain patterns, such as old habits, will persist.

The following are characteristics that describe patterns of social interaction:

  1. Based on the position (status) and social roles. For example, a teacher must act appropriately when teaching students. However, students must follow their teacher's instructions
  2. Activities that continue until they reach a turning point to produce the best results and continue to develop ideas or thoughts. For example, meetings can give rise to corporate collaboration, conflict, competitiveness and more.
  3. Anyone who does not know the time, place or condition can be involved in social interaction, because community thinking will be formed.
  4. As an illustration, one of the schools received a positive response for the achievement, order and discipline of its students. Public trust in schools is always high, but there are times when it is not because some of the students act unprofessionally.

Factors Forming Social Interaction

Here are some factors that encourage the formation of social interaction:

1. Imitation

Imitation is the act of imitating the appearance, demeanor or behavior of another person to the point of resembling them in physical terms.

This element of social interaction usually occurs in people who are admirers of one of the heroes.

An admirer of their idol will often try to dress in the same style. In addition, a fan may sometimes adopt his idol's hairstyle.

2. Suggestion

Suggestion refers to someone who, as a result of encouragement they receive from others in a certain way, will sometimes act on advice without giving it much thought.

This element is seen when a child gets guidance from his parents.

Also, apart from receiving advice from their parents or teachers, children may also experience suggestive states that may result in social interactions.

Hopefully this advice can be well received by the recipient and useful as a guide for life in the future.

3. Sympathy

Sympathy is how we display an attitude of being interested in someone towards something or an attitude that is attractive to him such as appearance, mindset and even wisdom by applying the values espoused by those who sympathize.

This element will inspire a person to reach out to others.

Helping more people will make social life more peaceful and make it possible to maintain proper social interaction.

4. Identification

Identification is a symptom of a trait, and as such, it is related to imitating someone with the same or comparable desires as oneself, or even someone similar to the hero, thus erasing one's own identity.

Things like this should be avoided at all costs because loss of identity can cause a person to forget his personal assets and shortcomings.

5. Empathy

Empathy is the ability to share the joys or sorrows of others by feeling what they are going through.

For example, parents and even classmates will be happy when he enters the awaited PTN.

Positive social interaction, such as that involving mutual cooperation, is an example of how social interaction can stimulate mutually reinforcing relationships and change the condition of society.

Associative and dissociative social interaction are two categories under which they fall. Let's examine the differences in more detail.

Forms of Social Interaction

Forms of Social Interaction
The following are forms of social interaction:

Associative Social Interaction (Positive)

Associative social interaction is a type of associative social interaction that fosters excellent cooperation and builds relationships between individuals to achieve useful goals.

To further break down these related social interactions, there are four categories:

1. Cooperation

projects carried out by a group of people or people who help each other to take constructive action.

You will always need the help of others in life, but only within the proper limits. Consider how neighbors might cooperate with one another.

2. Accommodation

Accommodation is an adjustment of an individual or even a group of individuals who previously conflicted. Accommodations are needed to reduce tension between the disputing parties.

The goal is to balance social interaction in a way that is consistent with society's rules and values. This accommodation is further broken down into sections, including:


Adjudication, commonly called accommodation, is a process of solving social problems. Social interactions between people or groups with other groups in many ways give rise to this disagreement.

For example, in cases of divorce, coercion, fraud, slander, murder, even copyright infringement.


Efforts to resolve disputes with third parties as binding decisions cannot be contested by the parties to the dispute.

As an illustration, a school counselor disciplines two students who get into a fight after losing a soccer game.


Compromise is an attempt to reach an understanding between two parties who are at odds with each other with the aim of resolving the conflict.


a method of dispute resolution between parties in which a conciliator, an impartial third party and working to find a solution that satisfies all parties, is brought in to mediate the situation.


Similar to arbitration, mediation is an attempt to resolve a dispute by bringing in a neutral third party, but only as a mediator.


Stalemate occurs when two parties have opposing views but the dispute is resolved due to circumstances, causing the two to stop attacking each other.

Example: The end of the cold war between the American-led western bloc and the Soviet-led eastern bloc in the 1990s.


Tolerance is a mindset of mutual respect for one another and for groups and individuals in society.

In this case, it is tantamount to people supporting each other regardless of their race, religion or ethnicity.

This can be seen in Indonesian society which has developed into the country's cultural heritage and is reflected in existing cultural components including symbols, social norms and customs.

4. Acculturation

Acculturation is the adoption of all contemporary components into a new culture while retaining the characteristics or aspects associated with traditional elements.

For example:

  1. Indian puppet show depicting the Mahabharata narrative
  2. The Kudus Mosque, which depicts the interaction of Javanese, Islamic and Hindu traditions
  3. Lifestyle is a person's way of life that adopts fashion trends, including clothing, hairstyles, and other fields.

5. Assimilation

Assimilation is a fusion of two cultures by eliminating the characteristics of the original culture, creating a new culture, and applying it in daily activities.

For example:

  1. A new race was created on the Asian continent as a result of the assimilation of the Mongoloid and Negroid races
  2. Couples of different races and ethnicities are getting married
  3. In some locations, the architectural design of the house blends with contemporary elements such as European designs.

Dissociative (Negative) Social Interaction

Dissociative Social Interaction
The following are negative social interactions:

1. Competition (Competition)

You must be familiar with the term “'Competition'”. Competition is a social interaction in which individuals or organizations compete with one another to see who can make more money in a particular industry without using violence as a threat.

For example, the badminton match between Anthony Ginting and Antonsen Anders at the 2020 Olympics.

2. Contraventions

An attempt by someone to secretly oppose a case to resolve it is known as a contravention.

By not expressing it openly, one will usually feel uncertainty, doubt, denial, and even rejection.

It is the result of differences of opinion among several groups of people. For example, telling a friend's secret to a third party.

As for behaviors that constitute tactical violations, for example: Making reckless accusations without reason, misleading someone for various reasons, and so on.

3. Opposition

Disputes are often caused by contradictions or the continuation of ongoing conflicts.

The reason is that differences of opinion in disputes can foster hatred and cause people to attack each other and even harm a group or individual.


Here we have summarized some frequently asked questions:

How Many Social Interactions Are There?

In general, this social interaction can be divided into two forms, namely:

  1. Associative social interaction
  2. Dissociated social interaction.


That's a little information about social interaction, which is where we carry out these interaction activities every day.

Wherever it occurs, social interaction is important for forging positive relationships, social bonds, and even profitable economic ventures. The skill that can be developed is social interaction.

In other words, as long as he continues to improve his social interaction skills, everyone can have the ability to interact well with others.

In addition, working together or in groups with other people will help us find ideas or thoughts that previously did not cross our minds.

Collaboration or collaboration will facilitate the implementation of a task to the fullest. Therefore, it is very important to maintain positive social relationships to respect and help each other.