Meaning of Limerick and Examples of Rhyme School Rhymes AAAA-ABAB

Old Indonesian poetry which is spread in various parts of the archipelago has characteristics or characteristics that are different from other types of poetry literature. Pantun which is one type of old poetry has very diverse types of rhymes, such as Education rhymes, love rhymes, witty rhymes, school rhymes, and others.


The other characteristics of the pantun apart from consisting of four lines are:

A. Consists of Four Lines

If in other literary works, such as prose and stories, a series of sentences is called a paragraph, then in pantun it is better known as a stanza. In a rhyme itself usually each stanza consists of 4 lines.

B. Number of syllables per line 8-12 syllables

The beauty of a rhyme is not only determined by the weight of the sentence and the selection of the right diction, but also sometimes influenced by the uniformity of the number of syllables between the first line and the next line. If the number of syllables in a rhyme is too long or too short, the rhyme will be inappropriate.

So that a rhyme is determined by a minimum number of syllables of 8 and a maximum of 12 syllables for each line.

C. In one stanza, it consists of cover and content

Whatever the type of rhyme, the limerick is no exception, it must consist of four lines in the verses of a rhyme, and there will be sampiran and content. To make it easier to describe an event in the rhyme, there will be sampiran in the first and second lines, followed by the third and fourth lines as the contents of the rhyme.

D. Has rhymes or rhyme endings AAA and ABAB

Rhyme or rhyme is a sound similarity found in a rhyme. As for the pattern in a rhyme, it generally has a pattern with aaaa and abab rhymes. Where the similarity in sound is always continuous between the sampiran and the contents.

For more details, here are some examples of rhymes from various types of rhymes with aaaa and abab rhymes:

1. Example of School Pantun

School rhymes are rhymes which contain motivation and various moral messages so that students and the younger generation, even their parents, will continue to care about the importance of education and schools. Here are some examples of school rhymes, including:

  • The dove flies ten (a)

Down one stay nine (b)

Seek knowledge seriously (a)

In order not to be out of date (b)


  • The sturdy teak tree (a)

Tall palm tree towering trunk (a)

A diligent student must have a lot of knowledge (a)

The lazy student lies a lot (a)


  • Despite the heat fishermen sail (a)

In order to get tuna (b)

Don't be lazy to study (a)

In order not to regret in old age (b)

2. Examples of Children's Poems

Children's rhymes also usually contain motivation or moral messages such as school rhymes, but in children's rhymes they are packaged in a lighter and more attractive way to appeal to children. Here's an example of nursery rhymes with abab rhymes:

Dancing out of the room

Any dance is danced

Singing happily with my sister

Any songs are sung

3. Example of Limerick

Limerick rhymes are a type of rhyme which contains funny and interesting content, because the purpose of the limerick is to provide entertainment to other people who read or hear it. In the limericks there are also occasional allusions to the current state of society. Here are some examples of funny limericks:

  • Cute girl singing happily

While singing and dancing too

Who will not laugh

Thought to be sane turns out to be insane


  • The raft boat contains rattan

Hit the trawl and then stopped for a moment

Handsome young man looking for a partner

The girl that the widow is looking for

Apart from school rhymes, witty rhymes, and children's rhymes, there are many other types of rhymes such as love rhymes, religious rhymes, satire rhymes, and others with various characteristics and word choices.