Names of Provinces and Ethnic Nations in Indonesia – Infokenan will give you knowledge about the names of provinces and ethnic groups in Indonesia that many people are looking for and you may not know. Let's see below.

Indonesia has a wide diversity of tribes and civilizations because of its size as an archipelago. Each tribe and culture is distinguished by its unique qualities and customs.

Even so, the Indonesian state remains a shared identity shared by all tribes in the archipelago. This is the meaning of the nation's motto which is none other than Bhineka Tunggal Ika with many interpretations but still one.

The 2010 BPS census counted more than 300 different ethnic groups in Indonesia. There are 1,300 ethnic groups in Indonesia, meaning this statistic includes people from every region.

Based on this, there are various tribes that are considered to represent each archipelago. Province names and descriptions of each of these tribes can be found in the several reviews below.

Names of Provinces and Ethnic Nations in Indonesia

Names of Provinces and Ethnic Nations in Indonesia

The following is a list of ethnic groups in Indonesia:

Betawi Tribe, Jakarta Province

The Betawi people of Jakarta, the nation's capital, are one of the most well-known tribes in Java. The Betawi tribe has a distinctive feature, namely traditional clothing in the form of sarongs and kebaya.

The tribal ondel-ondel dolls, which appear occasionally, are another notable item. In fact, the doll is also the mascot of the Betawi tribe from Jakarta.

Sundanese Tribe of West Java Province

Shift to the West Java region which contains the Sundanese and is the second largest after the Javanese. Angklung, the traditional musical instrument of the tribe, is well known throughout the world.

The Sundanese also wear the same typical clothing as the Javanese tribes in general, especially the kebaya.

In addition, Sundanese, the ethnic language, is spoken every day.

Baduy Tribe Banten Province

This tribe, which originates from the island of Java, is very different from other tribes in Java. If other Javanese tribes are generally used to contemporary life in the city, this does not apply to the Baduy tribe.

It can be said that the Baduy tribe still lives isolated from contemporary life. The Baduy tribe has a sizeable population, ranging from 5,000 to 8,000 members.

Javanese Tribe, Yogyakarta Province

This is the most common ethnic group on the island of Java, where about half of the population is present.

The Javanese, despite their openness to the outside world, retain their dependence on traditional wisdom systems.

The Javanese in Yogyakarta, meanwhile, have a strong belief in magic and the holiness of their cultural tradition as a result.

Apart from the Yogyakarta area, other cities in Central Java, such as Magelang and Semarang, are places where Javanese tribes live.

The Madurese, East Java Province

The specialties of the cuisine of this tribe, which have spread to every corner of the country, undoubtedly made them famous.

Gourmet satay cuisine which is the hallmark of the Madurese people is a delicacy that is quite famous in Indonesia. According to the latest census, the population of Madura is more than 20 million people.

Batak tribe of North Sumatra Province

Batak tribe of North Sumatra Province

Turning to the island of Sumatra, to be precise in the northern part which is inhabited by the Batak tribe. But not only in North Sumatra, the people of Tapanuli are also ethnic Batak.

This tribal name is actually a colloquial term for many of the Batak ethnic groups. In this situation, the Batak tribe split into several tribes, especially the Pakpak Batak, Toba Batak, Mandailing Batak, and Karo Batak.

It is said that the people of this tribe are known for their work ethic and self-confidence.

The Malay Tribe of Bangka Belitung Province

The name of this tribe is taken from a kingdom that previously existed in the Batang Hari River area.

During the reign of Srivijaya, the population of this tribe was spread according to current events. Based on this, the Malay ethnic population has grown to the outside of the island of Sumatra and some have even reached the island of Java.

Serawai tribe, Bengkulu Province

The Bengkulu Islands are home to the Serawai tribe. The South Bengkulu area is home to most of the members of this tribe.

In this region, you will find places like Sukaraja and Seginim, as well as Kelutum, Seluma, Manna, and Talo, to name a few.

The people of this tribe are also scattered abroad in search of a new start. Rejang, Kepahiang, and North Bengkulu districts were among others selected as resettlement sites.

Lampung Tribe, Lampung Province

This tribe is a part of the Sriwijaya kingdom which is separated into two parts, namely the Sebatin tribe and the Peppad tribe.

The growth of this tribe led to the development of many additional tribes, notably the Krui Abung, Pesisir, and Tulang Bawang.

The Bima tribe from East Nusa Tenggara

The Majapahit Empire left remnants of this tribe. This tribe is the dominant one on the islands of Nusa Tenggara except for the Sasak tribe.

One of the identifying features of this tribe is the veil made of sarongs, also known as Rimpu.

Gorontalo tribe from Gorontalo

This tribe also remains remote so that its culture is still natural and has not been influenced by the outside world.

Pohala'a, a system of intergenerational relations unique to the tribe, is a legacy of the region's earlier kingdoms.

In this scenario, Pohala'a is separated into five sections, namely Limboto, Suwawa, Bualemo, Gorontalo, and Atinggola. Gorontalo stands out among the other Pohala'as as the most prominent.

The Buru tribe of Maluku

The tribe that occupies Pukau Buru also has another name, namely Gebemiliar or Gebfuka. Landlord or worldling are the two definitions given for this phrase by the Oxford English Dictionary.

There are many reasons for including the word, moreover the Buru tribe is an indigenous tribe that occupies Buru Island in the Maluku Islands.

Another factor is the proximity of the Buru tribe to agricultural land and other agricultural productive areas. The Buru people are famous for their tribal prowess, that's why the name "buru" is used.

The hunting tools used are conventional weapons, mainly straight machetes and short spears. Buru Malay and Ambonese with a Buru accent are the languages spoken.

Dayak tribe from West Kalimantan

Dayak tribe from West Kalimantan

From the island of Borneo, this famous tribe was forged. The Dayak tribe is also famous for their hunting skills and courage in facing enemies.

In addition, this tribe is also the most dominant on the island of Borneo with its presence in almost all parts of the island of Borneo.

But this tribe is still split into several additional tribes. This particular Dayak tribe comprises a number of different families: the Apokayan, Iban, Klematan, Murun, Kenyah and Bahau, Ot Danum-Ngaju, and Punan.

Of these various families, the most prominent is the Kenyah family, with its trademark, namely accessories as body jewelry. The accessories are generally in the form of beads made of natural stones.

Minahasa tribe from North Sulawesi

Apart from the Minahasa tribe, other tribes that also occupy the northern part of Sulawesi Island include Talaud, Ternate, Gorontalo and Mangondow.

Items that are characteristic of the Minahasa tribe itself are their distinctive traditional clothes. The red cloth belt is the hallmark of this traditional dress.

The Asmat tribe from Papua

Another tribe that is widely known by the majority of Indonesian people is the Asmat tribe from Papua.

The hunters of this tribe are also famous for their prowess in the field. The inhabitants of this tribe still occupy forest areas and are therefore still relatively far from the outside world.

Therefore, food requests obtained by this tribe is done by hunting. In addition, the Asmat tribe also has competence in other fields, especially being able to make handicrafts in the form of distinctive wood carvings.

Those living in the heart of the tribe or along the coast form the two main subgroups of the Asmat. These two groups look the same, but have different social structures, ways of life, and accents.

To make matters worse, the coastal Asmat were further separated into two subgroups: the Bisman and the Simai.

The valleys of the Nin and Sinesty Rivers are home to both tribes. Nonetheless, the Asmat people still maintain their traditions and way of life.


So, those are the names of the provinces and ethnic groups in Indonesia, which you might find out the explanation for. The 2010 BPS census counted more than 300 different ethnic groups in Indonesia.

Each tribe and culture is distinguished by its unique qualities and customs. Thus the articles on the names of provinces and ethnic groups in Indonesia that we made for all of you, I hope this is useful.