InfoKekinian.com – In this article, we will discuss some of the names of Indonesian national heroes which of course every Indonesian citizen needs to know. Therefore, let's see together!
Indonesia is a country rich in history and culture. As an independent nation, Indonesia has produced many figures who fight for the interests of the people and the state.
They are national heroes who have dedicated their lives to fighting for independence, improving the condition of society, and advancing the Indonesian nation.
National hero are figures who are considered to have great services in the history of the Indonesian nation.
They have shown extraordinary struggle and sacrifice for the sake of the nation and state. They deserve to be respected and remembered by all Indonesian people.
However, unfortunately not everyone knows the names of Indonesia's national heroes.
Many of us only know a few names, such as Soekarno and Hatta, but do not know other national heroes.
In fact, every national hero has a different story and contribution in building Indonesia.
Therefore, it is important for us to know who the Indonesian national heroes are and what their contributions are.
By knowing the history and struggles of these heroes, we can better understand the values they fought for and strengthen our sense of nationality as children of the Indonesian nation.
What is a National Hero?
A national hero is someone who is considered an important figure in Indonesian history, who has made a major contribution to the struggle for Indonesian independence from colonialists.
National heroes are recognized and respected by all Indonesian people because of their dedication to the nation and state.
Each national hero has a different story and struggle, but all have passion patriotism and great love for the motherland.
Therefore, national heroes are often used as inspiration for the younger generation to fight for the good and progress of the nation.
The process of recognizing someone as a national hero is carried out by the Indonesian government through a strict selection process and is usually awarded posthumously.
List of Names of Indonesian National Heroes and Their Pictures
Here are some names of Indonesian national heroes that you need to know:
1. Ir. Sukarno
Soekarno was the first President of the Republic of Indonesia. He was born on June 6, 1901 in Surabaya, East Java.
Soekarno led the struggle for Indonesian independence from Dutch colonialism and successfully declared Indonesian independence on August 17, 1945.
2. Mohammad Hatta
Mohammad Hatta was the first Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia. He was born on August 12, 1902 in Bukittinggi, West Sumatra.
Hatta also fought for Indonesian independence and assisted Soekarno in declaring Indonesian independence.
3. Sutan Sjahrir
Sutan Sjahrir is a figure who fought for Indonesian independence through political channels.
He was born on March 5, 1909 in Padang Panjang, West Sumatra. Sjahrir became the first Prime Minister of the Republic of Indonesia after independence.
4. Raden Ajeng Kartini
Raden Ajeng Kartini is a female figure known as a pioneer of gender equality in Indonesia.
He was born on April 21, 1879 in Jepara, Central Java. Kartini fought for the rights of Indonesian women to receive an equal education with men.
He also fought for equal rights between natives and the Dutch people.
Pattimura is a national hero from Maluku who fought against the Dutch colonialists in the 18th century.
He led the Maluku people's resistance against the tax policies carried out by the Dutch colonial government. Pattimura was finally caught and sentenced to death in 1817.
Diponegoro is a national hero who is famous for leading the Javanese war against the Dutch colonialists in the 19th century.
Diponegoro showed courage and determination in fighting the Dutch colonialists. He was caught in 1830 and exiled to Manado, North Sulawesi.
Sudirman was a general and commander-in-chief of the Indonesian Armed Forces (TNI) during the war for independence.
He was born on January 24, 1916 in Purbalingga, Central Java. Soedirman led TNI troops in the war against the Dutch colonialists and succeeded in retaking the city of Yogyakarta.
8. Ki Hadjar Dewantara
Ki Hajar Dewantara is an educational figure known as a pioneer of national education in Indonesia.
He was born on May 2, 1889 in Yogyakarta. Ki Hajar Dewantara founded Taman Siswa, an educational institution that provides education to underprivileged people.
9. Raden Soedjono
Raden Soedjono is an archeologist who is famous for discovering the Borobudur Temple.
He was born on May 25, 1896 in Klaten, Central Java. Raden Soedjono led an expedition that rediscovered the neglected Borobudur Temple for centuries.
10. Agus Salim
Agus Salim is a diplomat and figure in the Indonesian national movement who is also known as the "Father of Indonesian Diplomacy".
He played an important role in Indonesia's struggle for independence and in Indonesia's diplomatic relations with other countries.
One of his achievements was when he succeeded in fighting for international recognition of Indonesian independence at the Round Table Conference in 1949.
11. Tjut Nyak Dien
Tjut Nyak Dien is a female hero from Aceh who is famous for her struggle against the Dutch colonialists in the late 19th century.
He was a scholar and fighter who led a guerrilla war against the Dutch for three years (1878-1881).
Tjut Nyak Dien was finally arrested by the Dutch and sentenced to death in 1904. However, his enthusiasm and struggle remained an inspiration for the struggle of the Indonesian nation.
11. Abdul Halim Perdana Kusuma
Abdul Halim Perdanakusuma was an Indonesian aviator who fought for Indonesian independence.
He was one of the 6 pilots involved in the first flight operation carried out by the Indonesian Air Force in support of the struggle for Indonesian independence in 1947.
Even though the operation was not successful, his services in the struggle for independence must still be appreciated.
12. Hassan Basri
Hasan Basri is an Indonesian freedom fighter from South Sulawesi.
He was involved in several important events in the struggle for Indonesian independence, such as the PETA Rebellion in South Sumatra in 1945 and the Madiun incident in 1948.
Hasan Basri was later arrested and sentenced to death by the Dutch government in 1949.
13. Bung Tomo
Bung Tomo is one of Indonesia's national heroes who is famous for his role in leading the Surabaya people's resistance against the Allied forces on November 10, 1945.
He was born in Surabaya on October 3, 1920 and grew up in a society that likes to read and talk politics.
Bung Tomo became famous after leading Radio Republik Indonesia Surabaya in the people's resistance against the Allied forces at the time of the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence.
He led the Surabaya people's resistance through fiery radio broadcasts and motivated the people to fight for Indonesian independence.
However, Bung Tomo's struggle did not end after the Surabaya people's resistance.
He remained active in fighting for Indonesian independence and led nationalist movements in various regions.
Bung Tomo was also active in political and social activities, and participated in fighting for the rights of the Indonesian people.
His dedication to the nation and state made Bung Tomo recognized as one of Indonesia's national heroes.
His name is immortalized as the name of roads, parks, stadiums, and even a warship in Indonesia.
Bung Tomo became an inspiration for the younger generation in fighting for the good and progress of the Indonesian nation.
14. Mohammad Nasir
Mohammad Natsir is an Indonesian political and intellectual figure who is also known as a national hero.
He was born in Solok, West Sumatra on July 17, 1908 and was active in political activities since he was young.
During the Indonesian independence movement, Mohammad Natsir was involved in various nationalist organizations and movements such as Sarekat Islam, the Indonesian Islamic Sarekat Party (PSII), and Masyumi.
He is also a member of the Indonesian Independence Preparatory Investigation Agency (BPUPKI) whose task is to formulate the basis of the Indonesian state.
After Indonesia's independence, Mohammad Natsir played an important role in Indonesian politics as Minister of Information in the Sjahrir II Cabinet and the Hatta Cabinet.
He also became the Prime Minister of Indonesia during the reign of President Soekarno.
Apart from being active in politics, Mohammad Natsir is also known as a productive intellectual.
He wrote many books and essays on Islam and politics, and contributed to the development of Islamic education in Indonesia.
15. Tan Malaka
Tan Malaka was a figure in the independence movement who was active in spreading the ideology of communism.
He was born on June 2, 1897 in Suliki, West Sumatra. Tan Malaka was involved in various movements for the struggle for independence, including in the Youth Pledge event.
16. Frans Kaisiepo
Frans Kaisiepo is a figure in the struggle for Indonesian independence from Papua. He was born in Wardo, Biak, on 10 October 1921 and died in Jayapura on 10 April 1979.
Frans Kaisiepo became an independence activist since he was young. He was involved in the struggle against Dutch colonialism in Papua, and became a member of the Indonesian National Committee (KNI) there.
In 1947, he co-founded the Indonesian National Party (PNI) in Papua. After Indonesia's independence, Frans Kaisiepo continued to fight for the rights of the Papuan people.
He became a member of the Indonesian People's Representative Council (DPR) from the Papua region in 1956 and served as Chairman of the Papuan DPR in 1960.
In 1961, Frans Kaisiepo led the Indonesian delegation at the Asian-African Conference in Bandung.
He also became Indonesian Ambassador to the United States in 1964 and led the Indonesian delegation to the UN General Assembly in 1966.
Frans Kaisiepo is known as a Papuan leader who is persistent in fighting for the rights of his people.
He became a symbol of the struggle for Papuan independence and is honored as one of Indonesia's national heroes.
Many institutions and roads in Papua are named after him as a form of respect for his dedication to the nation and state.
Those are some of the names of Indonesian national heroes who are important figures who have fought to gain Indonesia's independence from the invaders.
They have sacrificed a lot to fight for the freedom and progress of the nation. However, unfortunately there are still many national heroes who are not well known by the people of Indonesia.
In this article, we have also discussed some of the lesser known names of Indonesian national heroes, such as Frans Kaisiepo, Tan Malaka, Tjut Nyak Dien, Abdul Halim Perdanakusuma, and Hasan Basri.
They are examples of the many Indonesian national heroes who have fought for independence and the progress of the Indonesian nation.
As an independent nation, we need to continue to remember the services of Indonesia's national heroes, both well-known and less well-known.
We need to appreciate their struggles and make them an inspiration in building a better nation.
In order to commemorate the services of Indonesia's national heroes, we also need to increase our understanding and knowledge of Indonesian history.
We must recognize important events in the struggle for independence and appreciate the services of national heroes.
In this way, we can become a nation that is more mature and highly cultured, and is able to take lessons and inspiration from the struggles of national heroes in building the nation's future.