Stages of Protein Synthesis Process Briefly and Explanation

DNA is one component of the genetic language that has an influence in controlling a person's character. The existence of this DNA will appear due to the process of protein synthesis. In this case, there are two proteins produced by DNA, namely catalytic proteins and structural proteins.

The existence of structural proteins is responsible for forming tissue cells so that the physical body of the individual is formed. Meanwhile, protein catalysts are in the form of enzymes or hormones that have an influence on metabolism so as to shape one's psyche, personality, emotions and intelligence.


Then, How Can the Process of Protein Synthesis Occur?

Asking about protein synthesis, of course you want to know what stages of protein synthesis occur. It turns out that protein synthesis is divided into two stages, namely transcription and translation. For more details, the following is the process of protein synthesis that you can find out.

1. Transcription

Transcription is a process of printing RNAd produced by DNA which the process takes place in the cell nucleus. Then it is this DNA that will carry a person's genetic code from DNA. The transcription steps are as follows.

  1. Initially, the DNA chain will undergo a partial opening process. Then this process will be followed by the rise of the formation of the RNAd chain. In the process of DNA printing RNAd, this is called the sense/template chain. The pair of sense chains will be called antisense.
  2. In the sense chain of DNA, three nitrogenous base pairs (triplets) or also known as codogens will be found. This trippet will print a DNA chain called a codon. This codon is called the genetic code to code for certain amino acids in the synthesis process
  3. After the RNAd is formed and leaves the cell, the RNAd will go to the ribosome through the cytoplasm.

2. Translation

In the translation process there will be a process of translating the genetic code carried by the codon. This protein synthesis stage continues the transcription stage where the RNAd that has left the nucleus will join the ribosome and go to the cytoplasm.

The next step in the translation process is tRNA to translate the genetic code. The method is tRNA will bind to the amino acid that will be coded for by the codon.

Then the amino acid will go to the ribosome after joining the dRNA. This step will be carried out alternately by each tRNA where each tRNA will bind one other type of amino acid.

Can tRNA be mistaken for binding to amino acids?

This question often arises when discussing protein synthesis. The answer is maybe, but the possibility of this happening is very small and it also happens when there is a mutation.

However, if a person is in good health and does not have mutations, then this will not happen. This is because each amino acid must have a different tRNA partner.

Now, after the tRNA succeeds in bringing amino acids to join the dRNA in the ribosome, then a bond will occur between the amino acids which will form a polypeptide. The protein will later be formed after the polymerization process.

After you know how the process of protein synthesis, of course, now you already know how this protein plays an important role in DNA. This is also what makes protein needed by the body. This synthesis process will also determine the physical form and attitude of a person according to the DNA donated by their parents.