11 Easy Steps to Writing Scientific Papers

InfoKekinian.com – After knowing the meaning of scientific papers, therefore, now is the time to know the stages of writing scientific papers that are easy to put into practice.

At present, it is mandatory for a teacher to understand and understand how to write scientific papers.

Because this scientific work can be one of the conditions for promotion as well as the development of knowledge and responsibility of academics.

Definition of Scientific Work
In writing this scientific work, of course, we need to make a scientific and accountable research, so that this scientific work is not the same as writing non-scientific articles in general.

Therefore, write a scientific work Of course, this cannot be arbitrary in its manufacture.

But, even so, non-research scientific writing does not mean that the quality of the science can be doubted, you know, Contemporary Friend.

Because, the quality of a scientific work is not entirely based on the results of research or non-research.

However, judging by how sharp and strong the analysis and justification of conclusions or scientific claims are, which are based on reliable empirical and theoretical data presented by the author.

Definition of Scientific Work

Scientific work or what is commonly referred to as academic writing is a written work that contains a discussion explanation made or carried out by a writer or researcher scientifically.

This academic writing is made intentionally to solve a problem, therefore, this academic writing will usually contain facts, data, and solutions regarding the issues raised in the academic writing.

One of the characteristics of his writing is of course based on facts and reality without exaggeration, so that it will contain the latest elements that can help make it easy for readers to understand.

At the writing stage of this scientific paper, of course, there will be several systematic stages which are certainly important to be carried out in this scientific work, both during pre-research, writing, and editing of the results.

Kinds of Scientific Works

The following are the types of scientific work:

1. Papers

If you hear the word paper, surely this term is familiar to hear, right?

This paper is one of the scientific works, in terms of content, this paper will discuss topics or problems that are complemented by a complete discussion.

The process of making papers is also based on data obtained in the field which is empirical-objective.

Thus, this paper is a form of scientific writing that can be justified.

2. Thesis

Thesis is the second type of scientific work, so you must be familiar with this type.

In terms of data collection and writing, the author's own research or study is used as the basis.

Thesis writing is one of the graduation requirements for undergraduate students, as is general knowledge.

3. Working Papers

Working papers are also considered as scientific publications, because the presentation contains information that can be verified.

Working papers are different from papers, because they are written more thoroughly and in more depth.

Therefore, the reference sources for this working paper include specific topics, such as seminar materials and the like.

4. Thesis

This thesis has almost the same resemblance to a thesis and is usually reserved for postgraduate or Masters students, as a graduation requirement with a Masters degree.

In terms of content, this thesis was written and compiled based on the author's studies, research, and hypotheses.

Benefits of Scientific Work

Benefits of Scientific Work
This academic writing certainly plays a large and important role.

Therefore, scientific work is not solely the task of campuses or agencies, but also has educational purposes.

There are at least three benefits, including research functions, educational functions, and practical functions. The benefits of scientific work in the field of education also add to the author's experience.

When authors study reference materials to support scientific work, they gain multiple perspectives and a wealth of academically relevant information that assists them in writing scientific publications.

Moreover, in terms of research function, of course, it will provide variety and variation of research models. More collection of studies, it will show that this country is improving its citizens.

Because learning outcomes will enrich knowledge and become a catalyst for our regeneration.

In addition, in terms of practical or functional benefits, scientific work is a means of broadening knowledge from various angles.

There are many branches of knowledge, each of which is a strong advocate of literature and plays an important role in advancing scientific knowledge.

Scientific Work Functions

This academic writing certainly has many functions, including initiatives to address or resolve problems at the community level.

In agriculture, for example, many have difficulty and do not know how to cultivate succulents.

Later, studies were carried out in this field and then a simple solution or formula for succulent cultivation was found.

Through packaged research, there will be many people who are succulent fans to be able to take good care of succulent plants.

Then there are other functions that are used for predictions. As you already know, research is not only solutions, but also unknown or unknown predictors.

Therefore, there are preventive interventions or anticipation for prevention.

Stage of Writing Scientific Papers

Stage of Writing Scientific Papers
In general, the method of writing scientific articles is the same, even though they consist of three different publication formats.

Broadly speaking, this difference is only found in the structure of the writing arrangement. Therefore, here are the stages of writing good scientific work:

1. Determine the Topic or Research Theme

The first stage in producing scientific work is choosing a research topic. Determining this topic is very important when writing scientific articles.

Because the topic is the main focus of the overall message that will be given to the reader.

According to Wahab (1994:4), a topic is a field or problem area that will be raised in a paper or research.

Meanwhile, the theme is defined as a central statement or fundamental statement of the topic.

Topics that are still too broad should be narrowed down to one topic. The things that need to be considered in determining the topic of a scientific article are:

  1. Hot issues discussed
  2. National or global events
  3. Something like object, work, individual, etc. related to political, educational, and other issues
  4. Significant or weighty personal experience.

2. Develop a Research Framework

In the process of making scientific articles, a research framework or outline must be utilized.

The outline of this academic paper serves as a guide in carrying out the process of making scientific papers so that the writing does not stray far from the specified topic.

The outline of scientific work is arranged hierarchically to display the outline and direction of writing in the form of main topics such as titles and chapters.

Besides that, there are also important points that are placed in the chapters to the children of the sub-chapters. This is a necessary stage so that your scientific work has clear directions or guidelines.

Then, what should we do if we have prepared an outline and suddenly there is a new idea to support the writing topic?

When this happens, you are not prohibited from adding to the outline points that have been prepared.

The purpose of this outline is to facilitate the process of writing flow and make writing detailed.

So that if you come up with an idea, you'll know where to add or remove content from your writing.

With this outline, it is a sign that the scientific writing you are making is produced with careful planning.

3. Collect Materials

Gathering Materials
After the outline points have been carefully arranged, the writer can begin gathering material. Material can be obtained through various print and electronic media.

The sources collected are mainly related to the topics and themes to be written.

Selection of relevant material can be done by reading or briefly studying the material and evaluating the quality of the item content.

You can hunt for reference material from journals, dissertations, papers, or other works that are credible and of high quality.

Your material search should not be limited to one reference source. Therefore, you must be willing to hunt for references in other fields and use new ways to make your writing sources more diverse.

4. Field Survey

This step will of course involve observing the research subject. Determine the problems and objectives to be explored and included in scientific work.

And this is the reference for writing or the research process.

5. Make a bibliography

Bibliography refers to the technical activity of making descriptions of published written or library records, which are then arranged systematically in the form of lists according to predetermined principles.

Thus, the purpose of making a bibliography is to find out the existence or number of books or libraries that have been published.

6. Develop a Hypothesis

The purpose of this step is to generate a hypothesis that explains your object of study. This hypothesis is a prediction formed from observations of research subjects.

7. Create a Research Plan

This is a framework for future research, so this is a framework for future research.

8. Carry out Experiments Based on the Planned Method

This phase of the research process consists of the actual experiments connected to the research being carried out. So that you can conduct significant experiments with research subjects.

9. Carry out Observation and Data Collection

After conducting experiments on research subjects using the intended method, then you can then make observations of the experimental object.

10. Analyze and Interpret Data

In this step, the results of observations are analyzed and interpreted. And of course you need to try to understand all the conditions seen during the observation.

In this step, you conduct research and make predictions based on observations and data collection.

11. Formulate Conclusions and Theories

This step involves formulating conclusions or hypotheses regarding the entire experiment, observation, analysis, and interpretation of the results.

This step is carried out to draw conclusions from all the information collected during the experiment, observation, analysis, and interpretation of study items.


That's a little information about understanding up to the stage of writing scientific papers that you need to know and understand.

And we can conclude that this academic writing is a work written by a writer or researcher, which contains a scientific discussion.