Basic Techniques in Badminton Games, Most Complete! – Are you a badminton fan? or even want to become a professional player? If so, then you must know the basic techniques in playing badminton.

Badminton, also known as badminton, is a sport that some people must have known.

What is Badminton
In fact, badminton has become a very popular hobby and of course there are rules for playing it.

Are you still confused? Calm down, because we will discuss further about the meaning of as well Basic techniques in playing badminton, so watch this article to the end.

What is Badminton?

Badminton or badminton, is a very popular sport. In Indonesia, this sport is quite popular, and its competitors often perform well in international competitions.

This sport can be translated literally as a game played with a racket and ball. The ball itself refers to the fact that the ball, or "really" as it is known, is made of poultry feathers.

Mastering badminton takes effort and persistence, even though this sport looks simple.

Apart from that, there are a number of rules that you must know to be able to take part in this sport. At least two individuals are playable to play badminton.

The object of the game is to hit the ball so that it flies across the net and lands on the opponent's court to score a point.

History of the Game Badminton

In badminton history, no one knows for sure where badminton came from. However, many believe that this game originated in ancient Egypt, around two thousand years ago.

In addition, many also say that badminton originated in China. Historically, the Chinese played a game called Jianzi.

The rules of the game are similar to badminton, which cannot touch the ground. In England, a similar game was developed under the names battledore and shuttlecock.

The rule is that players must prevent it from falling and keep it in the air as long as possible by hitting it.

Modern badminton is generally associated with improvisation. Once upon a time, Badminton House's court elite played a slightly modified version of fighting and shuttlecock using ropes to demarcate the center of the court.

Since the 1850s, people began to call this game badminton because of its rapid development.

Hence, badminton alluded to the name of the British palace which hosted the event at that time.

History of Badminton Games in Indonesia

History of Badminton Games in Indonesia
In the 1930s during the colonial period, badminton began to penetrate Indonesia. However, this sport only appeared in 1947 or after Indonesian independence.

Since then, badminton has developed very rapidly, and athletes have started to emerge. The Indonesian Badminton Association (PBSI) was founded in 1951 and is responsible for organizing badminton in Indonesia.

Because of its ability to compete with international competitors, badminton has become one of the most popular sports in Indonesia.

Basic Badminton Techniques for Beginners

Badminton is a sport played by two players on one court. In fact, if the implementation is wrong, this game will have an impact on injury.

Here are some basic techniques in playing badminton that you should know:

1. Basic Racket Holding Techniques

If you are still a beginner, racket technique is the most important aspect of the game to learn.

The goal is to make as many shots as possible to achieve perfection. So don't just do it like that.

There are two techniques that you must understand, the first is the forehand style by placing the racket head to the side and then holding the handle as if it were a handshake in a V shape.

The two backhands are nearly identical to the first, with the exception that the four fingers are slightly apart.

2. Basic Foot Movement Techniques

In this game, the correct foot position is also needed to place the ball, because this can change the running agility and direction of the shuttlecock.

Therefore, additional exercises are needed to synchronize the body as a whole.

Take a badminton physical training program if you are a beginner, because you will be instructed by the right people.

Adjusting the direction of the shuttlecock in such a way as to align the feet to the right and left, front to back, is not a simple thing because it can be dangerous.

3. Basic Techniques in Doing a Punch

Punch has its own basic technique to hit the intended target. To get optimal and perfect performance, top sportsmen usually use various racket grips.

The technique of holding the racket with the forehead is one way. In a sense, placing the right and left legs in a crossed position.

Then, lean your shoulders forward and slightly to the right before hitting the shuttlecock at a slight right angle.

Here are some techniques for hitting the shuttlecock:

Smash Punch

Smash is a type of attack that targets and destroys enemy moves. The punch itself was powerful and landed on the ground.

To do so, the player must attack with great force. The goal is to move as quickly as possible, leaving no time for enemy counterattacks

Smashes are usually executed by jumping to deliver fast and powerful attacks and attack the field.

Netting Punch

This form of strike is intended to go straight into the opponent's net after a successful transfer, hence the name.

This touch on the grid is quite difficult and demands precision. If successful, the opposing side will struggle to defend against the attack.

Drive Punch

The disc is a horizontal click, where these directions can be straight or intersect to point in another direction.

This strategy is usually used to quickly launch and recover from an attack.

Drop Shot

The aim of the drop throw is to kill the opponent's move. The punches are thrown head-on with little or no power, allowing him to dodge the net.

This strategy is often used to outwit opponents, where players generally jump and pretend to destroy so that the opposing team gathers behind.

However, the punch turned out to be a throw, which explains why it landed next to the net.

Lob Punch

This strategy involves hitting the ball so that it flies as high as possible and lands in the opposing team's zone. Such attacks, as a rule, strike the opponent, hence his fatigue.

4. Basic Techniques of Attitude and Body Position

Basic Techniques of Attitudes and Body Positions
The next basic badminton technique is proper body placement. In this game, speed and skill in moving are needed.

As such, it can be used as a technique to immobilize and hinder opposing players.

The first position is an attacking position that aims to position yourself along the field line.

The second step is to protect by positioning the hand holding the racket in front of the stomach.

The last thing you have to do is fight back and you have to be alert near the net.

5. Body Positioning Techniques

In badminton, body position must also be considered. If the determination is wrong, it will cause an imbalance.

In addition, you can trigger a slip when playing if you don't master the field.

6. Basic Techniques for Serving

Serve is a type of stroke used in badminton. There are a number of strategies to master in order to weaken your opponent and adopt their own traits.

The first shot is a short forehand with a low energy level. Both forehands are high, using their full power to weaken opponents.

The last shot is a backhand with a moderate swing.

7. Doing Smash Strategy

Smash is a strategy used to attack other players' moves. The first step is to determine the available space.

Then, jump really high and strong for the perfect and maximum shot.

Constant effort is required to achieve the greatest results and develop unique qualities.

Over time, you will get used to it and become more dominant. If you are a beginner preparing to become a professional athlete, prepare yourself mentally and physically strong.

8. Techniques for Doing Dropshots

Dropshot is one of the service recovery strategies used. In this situation, the goal is to prevent the opponent from attacking.

To prevent the shuttlecock from falling too far from the net, apply soft power and a small push. This strategy is intended to outwit opposing players.

The trick is to identify the free space first. Then do a high jump like you want to smash, but push the shuttlecock slowly until it falls near the net.

9. Netting Techniques

Netting Techniques
The next basic badminton technique is netting. Netting is a technique that is not easy to do, even some professional athletes have failed, you know, Current Friend.

Therefore, accurate foresight is necessary for success in doing so. In this technique, the shuttlecock must be hit with a low level of force.

Then, estimate the exact direction of fall so that it approaches the net position. The sole aim is to anticipate that the opponent will not be able to provide a counter service.

10. Service Return Technique

The basic technique in recent badminton is to return accurate and precise serves by combining dropshots and netting.

The purpose of returning the direction of the shotttlecock is to avoid smashes. If you rush back, your opponent will get the advantage.

Therefore, do not rush to return the service. Choose between dropshot and netting, which if done well, you can trick him.

Badminton Court Size

The dimensions of the badminton court are in accordance with national standards, namely 13.40 meters in length and 6.10 meters in width.

The dimensions of the badminton court are divided into single and double courts. The following is a detailed explanation:

  1. Single Party Badminton Court Size
  2. Badminton court length: 11.88m
  3. Badminton court width: 5.18m
  4. Badminton court area: 61.5384 m2
  5. Height at net post: 1.5m
  6. Net top height: 1.52m
  7. Net distance to the service line: 1.98m
  8. Service line to courtside distance: 3.92m.
  9. Size of Badminton Court in Doubles Party
  10. Badminton court length: 13.40m
  11. Badminton Court Width: 6.10m
  12. Badminton court area: 81.74 m2
  13. Badminton court net pole height: 1.55m
  14. Badminton court net height: 1.52m
  15. Net distance to the badminton court service line: 1.98m
  16. The distance between the service line and the outer side of the badminton court is 4.72m.

Badminton Net Size

Badminton Net Size
This badminton net or net consists of fine ropes colored green, blue, etc. The height of the badminton net must be 1.55 meters, measured from the surface of the court, and must remain vertical when stretched.

In addition, the netting must be made of fine rope of the same thickness as the netting, between 14 and 20 millimeters in diameter.

The top (net hat) shall also be provided with 75mm wide double striped white tape over the rope or cable enclosed within the tape, and the ribbon shall be suspended from the rope or cable.

In addition, the rope or cable must be tight and the same height as the top of the pole. In addition, the height of the net from the surface of the court must be between 1.52 and 1.55 meters above the line.

The following is the size of the badminton net:

  1. Net length: 680cm
  2. Net width: 76cm
  3. The width of the white ring at the top of the badminton net: 3.8 cm.

Badminton Court Flooring Materials

Badminton Court Flooring Materials

According to international standards, badminton court floors must also be made of hard materials and covered with absorbent vinyl or hardwood parquet with a thickness of 22 mm.

Then, the floor coating must be matte to prevent glare, and the reflectance value must be between 20 and 40%. The following are common materials for badminton court flooring:

Wooden floor

The wooden floors give the badminton court a vintage look. This floor style is also common in areas around professional badminton courts.

The material that is often used is parquet or hardwood parquet floors. This material is often non-slippery and is expected to neutralize the room temperature.

Solid Teak Parquet

Solid parquet or teak wood floors are the most optimal flooring materials for badminton courts. The surface and texture of this solid wood floor are also rougher so they are not slippery.

Of course this can make it easier for badminton players to use their feet without fear of slipping.

Merbau solid parquet

Apart from solid teak parquet, solid merbau parquet is also often chosen for the installation of badminton court flooring.

This is not without reason, considering that the quality of solid merbau parquet meets the requirements for a badminton court. In addition, solid merbau parquet is much cheaper than solid teak parquet.

Sonokeling Solid Parquet

Sonokeling Solid Parquet
Solid rosewood parquet flooring is the best choice for creating a badminton court with a more distinctive and aesthetic appearance.

This type of parquet comes in a combination of black and brown to accentuate an attractive, unique and beautiful impression.


Many ordinary people believe that vinyl flooring is parquet wood flooring. This is not without reason, because there are many vinyl flooring products with wood-inspired patterns.

In reality, vinyl flooring is a form of synthetic flooring and not parquet flooring. Texture reveals which texture of vinyl flooring is more flexible and stretchy.

This is because the vinyl flooring material consists of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) which is widely used as a raw material for making paralon and water pipes.


This type of floor is made of polypropylene plastic, which is a material that can be disassembled and has a higher resistance and durability.

The surface of the interlocking floor is very good, and the floor will not feel slippery or rough. This surface can also anticipate badminton players who will fall and get injured.


Here we have summarized some frequently asked questions:

What is the Main Purpose of Playing Badminton?

The main objective of the game of badminton is to cross the shuttlecock into the opponent's territory and keep the shuttlecock from falling on its own territory, to get points for victory.

What's the Racket Grip?

The grip of the racket in badminton is usually referred to as the grip.


That's a little information about the basic techniques in playing badminton that you need to know, complete with court sizes and others.

Friend Now, knowing the basic techniques of badminton is very important for beginners.

In addition to creating game strategy material, this can also help prevent mistakes and unwanted events.

However, it is best to be accompanied by professionals and wear badminton clothes and athletic shoes for comfort and safety while playing.