Techniques In Volleyball, These Functions And Roles – On this occasion we will invite you to get to know the techniques in volleyball, so watch this article to the end to find out more complete and clear information.

Volleyball is certainly not something foreign to you. This game, where each team consists of six individuals, is indeed a bit less popular than football.

Definition of Volleyball Game
However, this sport is also very popular in our culture. Don't believe? Try to look at smaller fields, either in towns or villages, because those fields can be a place to play volleyball.

Definition of Volleyball Game

Volleyball is an example of a sport that uses a large ball. In a way, this game is included in the match category because it involves two teams facing each other to get the result of the match.

How to play volleyball is to hit the ball so that it passes over the top of the net in the middle of the field.

To score a goal, team players must move the ball into the opponent's defense zone. William G. Morgan, a physical education teacher in the United States, is its creator.

Initially, he was very inspired by the game of basketball, where he got this motivation after meeting the inventor of basketball, James Naismith.

This game was originally intended for parents. However, Morgan was eager to adapt the sport to the parents' physical abilities.

Because it is impossible for the elderly to carry out activities that require sustained physical strength, such as running.

And approximately four years after that meeting, a sport was formed that combines basketball, badminton and baseball.

Originally, the name of this game was Mintonette. With the passage of time, this sport has become popular and is loved by people of all ages.

Then the name was changed to volleyball or volleyball in 1896 to match the inaugural game played at the international Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) Training School.

Basic Techniques for Playing Volleyball

Basic Techniques for Playing Volleyball
Obviously, you can't just use any technique, because there are certain techniques needed to play volleyball.

So, what are the techniques needed to play this game? Here are some techniques in volleyball:

1. Volleyball Serve

Usually, serves are used as a start in volleyball games. This technique is a technique of presenting the ball so that the game can begin. However, this serving technique develops into the team's initial attack when it is their turn to serve.

Therefore, serving can affect the outcome of the match, so you have to execute precise and strong ball shots from outside the field.

If you serve badly, your team won't have a decent chance to score.

Even though this serving technique is fairly important, many still don't take it into account, with the term undervalued.

Some instructors specifically instruct how to do a deadly serve so that it can be used to earn points. The basic serving technique requires that the feet are behind the court line.

The following are the types of services:

Lower Service

This type of service is ideal for individuals who are just starting out in volleyball.

To serve under, hold the ball with your left hand. Position the left hand forward but parallel to the waist.

Then, swing your previously clenched right hand to hit the ball from below. Make sure your grip is just right so it doesn't cause pain in your hands.

Top Service

This serve is done by lifting the ball over the head with the left hand and then hitting it with the palm of the right hand.

There are three different ways to do the top serve, the first is the top serve, then the floating serve and then the jumping serve.

Floating Service or Floating Service

To perform this serve, the ball is thrown with the left hand over the head. And then the right hand is used to hit the ball over the net while the ball is still in the air.

And remember to throw in moderation, don't get yourself in trouble.

Jumping Service or Service Jumping

This service is almost the same as floating service. While the ball is still in the air, the only difference is that you jump and hit the ball with great force.

2. Passing in Volleyball Games

This passing technique has many functions, you know, Contemporary Friend. If the opposing team passes the ball to you, you can use this technique to receive the ball, parry attacks, and counterattack into the opponent's defense zone.

This passing technique will allow you to dominate the game by making strategies without the need to drop the ball into your team's territory.

Following are the different types of passes:

Upper Pass

The top pass is usually used when the ball is in the air. In general, this move is meant to provide a good pass to a teammate who is about to smash into the opponent's territory.

This type of passing requires the use of both hands. It's as if you briefly received the ball with both hands before bouncing it back up or toward a partner preparing to smash.

Lower Pass

This under pass is especially important when the ball is in a down position. This technique can be done with one or two hands, depending on the need.

The one-handed pass is used when the player is in a difficult position, the ball is far away, or the player is being attacked suddenly.

Typically, players position their bodies by slouching, leaning forward, and extending one hand toward the ball.

During this pass, it is not uncommon for volleyball players to jump and fall. All of this, of course, is done for the sake of keeping or returning the ball.

Usually, when passing under two hands is done when the ball lands directly in front of the volleyball player. Therefore, this access is utilized in a more relaxed manner than a one-handed underpass.

There are two ways of doing passing, namely thumb over palm and the dig. To do a thumb over palm, make a fist with your left hand.

Then place and hold in the palm of the right hand and the right and left thumbs are located above the right and left palms.

And if you do the dig technique, then place your right palm on top of your left palm. Then, the thumb of the left hand grips the fingers of the right hand.


The smash is an attacking technique and often times, the smash is considered an indicator of the quality of a team's attack. As a result, this technique required a keen killer instinct.

In addition, this technique requires focus, precision and strength. If you want to smash, you have to run, jump hard, hit the ball, and land well and precisely.

This technique is almost identical to the jump serve and the most awaited moment by the audience is the smash, you know. This technique is a very important technique for volleyball.

Teams with superior smash abilities have a greater probability of winning. However, many admit that this technique is the most difficult to master.


If your team gets a smash attack by the opposing team, then you can reply or block the ball by blocking.

Additionally, this technique can be used to reverse an opponent's attack to backfire on them.

When the opponent's smash ball collides with your team's block, then the ball will bounce to their own defense.

For your blocking to be effective, you must be close to the net. The closer you are to the net, the less space your opponent has to smash.

When the ball is within range of your opponent's smash, you must immediately jump and raise both hands high. In addition, the fingers should be spread apart to increase the blocking area.

Volleyball Game Equipment

Volleyball Game Equipment
The following is an example of the equipment needed to play volleyball:

1. Volleyball

Volleyball is the most important tool in this game. According to the FIVB statement, volleyball is usually made of two materials, such as leather and rubber.

Most traditional volleyballs are made from premium leather. So it's not surprising that traditional volleyball is known for being soft and resilient.

Currently, most volleyball balls are made of rubber in this modern era. In addition to the abundant rubber material, the rubber base material makes it easy to adjust the size of the ball.

The volleyball standard specified by the FIVB must be completely round with a diameter of 18-20 cm.

Intake air pressure should be between 4.24 and 4.61 hPa/psi. Once inflated, the ball weighs between 260-280 grams.

2. Volleyball Net

This volleyball net or net functions as a barrier. Usually referees often use the goal net as a determining factor in determining which team scores a goal.

The following are the specifications of the net set by the FIVB:

  1. Men's volleyball net height: 2.43 m
  2. Women's volleyball net height: 2.24 meters
  3. Net width: 1m
  4. Net length: 9 m
  5. Side tape width: 5 cm
  6. Distance from the net post to the edge of the court: 0.5–1 m
  7. Antenna height above net: 80 cm
  8. Square mesh size: 10 cm.

3. Volleyball Field

  1. Field size: 9 m x 18 m
  2. Service zone: 3 meters behind the baseline
  3. Attack zone: 3 meters from the center line
  4. Field line width: 5 cm.


That's a little information about techniques in volleyball that you need to know. And we can conclude that this volleyball game is a game of 2 teams, each team consisting of 2-6 people.

When playing volleyball, there are several positions which of course have functions or uses that need to be carried out.