Types and Benefits of Carbohydrates for the Body

Infokekinian.com - Current friends are doing diet carbs? But, do you already know about the types and benefits of carbohydrates for the body? If not, let's see this article.

Currently there are many natural ways to diet by avoiding foods that contain carbohydrates. The reason is, carbohydrates are considered fattening the body.

Carbohydrates, on the other hand, are nutrients that the body needs. What happens if the body's carbohydrate needs are not met?

Functions of Carbohydrates in the Body

Carbohydrates can provide energy for the body and help control weight if you manage your diet properly.

Functions of Carbohydrates in the Body

Furthermore, there are several previously unknown functions of carbohydrates. What exactly are they? Check out the following explanation:

1. As the Main Energy Source

The first and most well-known types and benefits of carbohydrates for the body are to function as the main source of energy for the human body.

Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for the body. This energy is needed by humans to perform various tasks.

During the digestive process, the body works to break down the sugars and starches in food, which are then absorbed into the bloodstream and converted to blood sugar or glucose.

To carry out activities, your body needs glucose. Not only does the body need glucose, but the brain needs it too.

When your body lacks carbohydrate sources, it can become weak, lethargic, and lacking in energy.

Your brain cannot function normally in this state. A simple example is when you are hungry, you can't think straight.

2. To Reduce Calorie Intake

The second function of carbohydrates is to limit the intake of calories that enter the body. According to scientific evidence, the high fiber content of carbohydrates causes a person to feel full faster and for a longer period of time than fat.

Carbohydrates also contain few calories. 1 gram of carbohydrates has 4 calories, while 1 gram of fat has 9 calories.

Carbohydrates can then function while also controlling your weight. Consuming carbohydrates in the body is very beneficial for maintaining a healthy weight.

3. Reducing the Risk of Certain Diseases

One of the less well-known functions of carbohydrates is that they can reduce the risk of developing certain diseases.

According to several studies on dietary fiber and whole grains, they can reduce the risk of developing several dangerous diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and obesity, and help maintain a healthy digestive system.

Carbohydrates rich in dietary fiber include potatoes, sweet potatoes, vegetables and whole grains, so consuming carbohydrates is beneficial for maintaining digestive health while reducing the risk of dangerous diseases as described above.

4. Maintain Heart Health

Maintain Heart Health

The function of carbohydrates is also beneficial for the health of your heart's vital organs. Heart health is very important to maintain if our heart is not healthy, it is very dangerous and can cause serious illness.

Foods high in fiber and carbohydrates can help prevent cholesterol buildup in the heart. The main cause of heart attack or stroke is cholesterol buildup.

Consuming foods high in fiber and carbohydrates, for example, can help reduce cholesterol buildup in the heart.

As a result, it is true to say that one of the functions of carbohydrates is to maintain heart health. Whole grain carbohydrates, vegetables, and fruits can help protect your heart health.

However, there are some carbohydrates to avoid, such as cakes, foods high in fat, foods made from white flour, and foods with a lot of added sugar.

5. Determinants of the Glycemic Index

Carbohydrates also serve as a determinant of the glycemic index, which is a standard for determining how quickly carbohydrates in food are absorbed by the body.

The higher the glycemic index, the faster the food raises blood sugar levels, whereas foods with a low glycemic index are digested slowly by the body and cause blood sugar levels to rise slowly.

According to one study, drinking or eating foods with a high glycemic index, such as sweet cakes, white bread, soft drinks, and chocolate, can increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

6. Maintaining the Health of the Digestive Tract

The next function of carbohydrates is to help maintain the health of the digestive tract. Consuming foods high in carbohydrates can reduce the risk of digestive tract diseases such as constipation and others.

Consumption of fibrous foods with carbohydrates helps digestion. Conversely, a lack of carbohydrate intake puts the body at risk of not getting enough fiber and causing problems in the digestive tract.

Don't want your digestion to be disturbed due to a lack of foods that contain carbohydrates?

7. Beneficial for Brain Function

Carbohydrates also help the brain function properly and optimally. The energy obtained from carbohydrate foods will also be used by your brain to carry out its functions.

Beneficial for Brain Function

Working with the brain does require energy, as some say.

It is also natural for one to get hungry quickly when doing something that requires mental energy to complete.

Because it is believed that consuming carbohydrates also reduces the body's energy reserves. The function of carbohydrates in this case is to reactivate tired brain cells and need new energy to function properly.

So, if you feel dizzy or lack concentration, it could be because you are hungry and need food. When hunger strikes, it becomes difficult for the brain to think, aka stuck.

8. Increases Nutrient Absorption

The eight functions of carbohydrates are maximizing the function of protein or increasing the absorption of nutrients from food.

Therefore, it is very important to maintain the need for carbohydrates in the body so that protein functions can run smoothly and optimally.

Because protein is an important nutrient that must be fulfilled in the body. Protein is needed for all organs in the human body to function properly.

Lactose is a type of carbohydrate that is very beneficial for your body's health. The best quality lactose is usually obtained from milk or yogurt.

This content has the potential to make the body feel fuller for a long time. Furthermore, lactose is beneficial for the digestive tract.

9. As a regulator of increased blood sugar levels

Little is known about the function of carbohydrates as the main regulator of blood sugar levels.

Without realizing it, people often consume carbohydrate foods without looking at the category first.

Carbohydrates with a high sugar content, on the other hand, can increase blood sugar levels.

Diabetes can develop if this is allowed to continue. The function of carbohydrates here is to regulate the increase in blood sugar levels.

Your body will stay healthy if you balance the function of carbohydrates from fiber or sugar. Because this fiber can help lower blood sugar levels thereby reducing the risk of developing diabetes.

10. Helps Maintain Muscle Mass

The function of carbohydrates in the body can also help in the maintenance of muscle mass. When the body does not have enough fat reserves to produce energy, the body will use muscles for activities.

Helps Maintain Muscle Mass

Glucose storage in the muscles is very beneficial in times like these because it can help keep muscles healthy.

When the muscle glucose reserves are completely used up, the muscles will take the rest of the energy reserves in the form of protein. The conversion of protein into energy has an effect on muscle mass in the human body.

Protein is an important building block for muscle mass, and if protein is consumed in excess, muscle mass in the body will decrease.

If your body loses muscle mass, it will gradually become weaker and lose energy for various activities.

Even if treatment is not possible, it can lead to death. The function of carbohydrates in this case is to reduce muscle breakdown and provide glucose as a source of energy for brain activity.

Complex carbohydrates and simple carbohydrates are two types of carbohydrates. Complex carbohydrates are high in fiber and contain a large number of sugar molecules. Because it takes a long time to process this type of carbohydrate.

The function of complex carbohydrates also has the advantage of providing energy consistently without allowing the body to experience sudden and unexpected calorie intake.

In addition, complex carbohydrates have a lower risk of fat accumulation in the body.

Because simple carbohydrates contain fewer sugar molecules, digestion of these types of carbohydrates is faster. Sugar is a type of simple carbohydrate.

Types of Foods That Contain Lots of Carbohydrates

So, what are the foods that contain high carbohydrates? Foods that contain carbohydrates include the following:


The first source of carbohydrates is starch. Starch belongs to the category of complex carbohydrates. Starch usually comes from wheat, pasta, bread, beans, corn, potatoes and other grains.

Vegetables and fruits

Vegetables and fruits

Fruits and vegetables are also high in carbohydrates, which the body needs. Fruits and vegetables contain few sugar molecules, making them easy to digest and are good sources of simple carbohydrates.


The next source of carbohydrates is milk, which is a type of simple carbohydrate that is easy to digest, so drinking milk regularly can help improve digestion.


That's a little information about the types and benefits of carbohydrates for the body that you should know before going on a carb diet, because after all, the body still needs carbohydrates.

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