Definition, Types of Rhymes, and Examples of Educational Rhymes

One type of old poetry that is widely known in various Indonesian languages and still exists today is pantun. Pantun itself comes from the Minangkabau language, rhymes which means guide. Whereas in Sundanese it is better known as describe, and in Javanese it is called parry, then in the Batak language it is known as swear.

In general, the pantun consists of four lines, with each line consisting of 8-12 syllables. Pantun, which was originally an oral literature, is now more often found in written form with aaaa and abab pattern ending rhymes.


As for the types of rhymes, they are very diverse, starting from educational rhymes or rhymes for teachers, satirical rhymes, and others. Here are some types of pantun along with examples:

1. Education Pantun

The definition of educational poetry itself is a poem which contains moral messages and motivation for someone to continue to care about education and remember the importance of education for life.

These educational rhymes are usually intended for school children or students to continue to pay attention to their education. Here are some examples of educational rhymes that can continue to motivate someone in their education:

  • See mirrored monkey comb

There are horses similar to donkeys

Be diligent in writing and diligent in reading

That's a sign of a child smart

  • Morning mecollect sap

Take fruit Just a coconut

Many people well-spoken

But a little who want to think

2. Pantun For Teachers

Educational rhymes and rhymes for teachers are actually still on the same topic, namely "education". The meaning of rhymes for teachers is rhymes specially made to "talk" to teachers or describe teachers. Here are some examples of pantung for simple teachers:

  • New eraser, new pencil

To welcome the new school

O Teachers

Thank You over all knowledge

  • Homeland of a thousand islands

Archipelago beautiful nature

How glorious teacher services

Educate students get smart

3. Traditional Pantun

Different from educational poetryTraditional rhymes are in the form of rhymes which contain advice or advice about local customs. Here's an example of a traditional rhyme:

The dense leaves of the cape flower

Fragrant smell of flowers chrysolite

Traditions are guarded by inheritance honored

Newly maintained heritage is respected

4. Rhyme Riddles

As the name suggests, riddle rhymes are rhymes which contain guesses or riddles. This rhyme riddle can be used in a guessing game between two or more people. Examples of rhyme riddles, namely:

If you bring pigeons

Bring a bird's nest too

If you are wise, bestari

What animal has a horn on its nose?

5. Satire rhyme

Satire is a rhyme that contains ridicule or satire hurled at opponents or other people. Here are some examples of satirical rhymes for other people:

  • Morning caught prawns

It's a shame the nets got entangled

Often borrowing money

When borrowed very stingy

  • The king walks with the consort

Suddenly something injure

Another in another mouth also in the heart

Be friends even injure

6. Farewell Pantun

The farewell rhyme itself is a rhyme that is expressed for someone who is going to part with another person. Here are some examples of the farewell rhymes:

  • Basil stems become toys for slaves

leafy one even eaten by a horse

Divorce love does not

after a thousand years back too

  • If there is a well in the field

Can maybe take a shower

If there is long age

that's okay see you later

In addition to the types of educational rhymes, satirical rhymes, traditional rhymes, and others, there are other types of rhymes that are also often heard in everyday life, such as love rhymes, witty rhymes, rhymes of religious advice and many more.