InfoKekinian.com – It is common knowledge that William G. Morgan is the inventor of volleyball, which is currently a popular sport worldwide and is played by millions of people of all ages and backgrounds.
William G. Morgan was born in 1870 in Lockport, New York, United States. He grew up in an environment that values sports and physical activity, and he himself is involved in various sports such as basketball, handball, tennis, among others.
After completing his education at Springfield University in 1894, Morgan worked at the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) in Holyoke, Massachusetts. It was here that he discovered the game that would become known as volleyball.
In 1895, Morgan created a game called "Mintonette". The game is played in a similar way to tennis, but with a bigger ball and a lower net.
The object of the game is to hit the ball to the opponent's side without it hitting the ground.
Morgan developed the game further by adding some rules and changing the name to "Volleyball".
The amended rules included increasing the number of players to six on each team, and changing the net height to two and a half metres.
Volleyball quickly spread around the world and became a popular sport. In 1964, volleyball was made an Olympic sport.
And in 1986, William G. Morgan was recognized as the inventor of volleyball by the International Volleyball Hall of Fame.
Early History of Volleyball
The game that became known as volleyball began in the late 19th century in the United States. However, the concept of this game has existed for a long time in various cultures around the world.
In Japan, there is a game called “pak takraw” or “kemari” which is played by kicking a ball to the opponent's side without the ball hitting the ground.
In Indonesia, there is a traditional game called " Sepak raga " or "raga" which is played by kicking the ball to the opponent's side using the feet and chest.
However, this game has not been regulated by official rules and is still in a simple form.
It was only at the end of the 19th century, a game similar to modern volleyball was created by William G. Morgan.
The game was originally called "Mintonette" and was played indoors with a low net and a ball larger than a tennis ball.
The goal is to hit the ball to the opponent's side without it hitting the ground. The name "Mintonette" itself is taken from the name of the popular badminton game at that time.
After several changes to the rules of the game, Morgan renamed the game "Volleyball".
The new rules included increasing the number of players to six on each team and changing the net height to two and a half metres.
Volleyball was first played officially in 1896 at Springfield College, Massachusetts, where Morgan was working as a sports instructor.
This sport quickly spread throughout the United States and became popular among college students and young people.
Since then, volleyball has continued to grow and become one of the most popular sports in the world.
The rules of the game are constantly updated and regulated by organizations such as the International Volleyball Federation (FIVB), which was founded in 1947.
Contribution of William G. Morgan as Inventor of Volleyball
William G. Morgan was born on January 23, 1870 in Lockport, New York. He spent most of his youth around the east coast of the United States and was a talented athlete.
Morgan attended Springfield College, Massachusetts, where he was recognized as one of the top performing students in sports.
After graduating in 1894, he was appointed as a sports instructor at Springfield College.
At that time, the most popular sport at Springfield College was basketball.
However, Morgan felt that there was a need for a new game that could be played inside the gym in the winter.
He then created "Mintonette", the game that would become the modern volleyball.
The game "Mintonette" was originally played indoors with a low net and a ball larger than a tennis ball.
The goal is to hit the ball to the opponent's side without it hitting the ground. Morgan also introduced several rules, such as the number of players in a team and the height of the net.
After several changes, Morgan changed the name of the game to "Volleyball".
However, Morgan never felt that his game would become popular worldwide. Instead, he sees volleyball as a simple game that can be enjoyed by everyone.
However, volleyball eventually became a popular sport around the world. William G. Morgan's contribution in creating volleyball is very important, because this game has brought happiness and health to millions of people around the world.
The Development of Volleyball in the United States
Volleyball is a popular sport in the United States. This game was first introduced in this country in the early 20th century by a physical education teacher named James Naismith, who also invented the game of basketball.
At first, volleyball was played as a recreational sport on the beach. However, over time, the sport became increasingly popular and was adopted as an official sport by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in 1970.
The achievements of the United States in volleyball are quite impressive. The United States men's volleyball team has won three Olympic gold medals, namely in 1984, 1988 and 2008.
Meanwhile, the United States women's volleyball team has won Olympic gold medals four times, namely in 1984, 2008, 2012 and 2021.
In addition, the United States also has a professional volleyball league called the United States Women's Volleyball League (AVP).
The league was founded in 1983 and consists of several tournaments held throughout the United States.
In addition to the AVP, the United States also has a men's professional volleyball league called the United States Volleyball League (USA Volleyball League).
This league was founded in 2012 and consists of six teams from different cities in the United States.
In addition, the United States has also hosted numerous international volleyball tournaments, including the 1986 FIVB World Volleyball Championship, the 1998 FIVB Women's World Volleyball Championship, and the 2014 FIVB Men's World Volleyball Championship.
With the support of the government, society and players, volleyball continues to grow in the United States.
This sport is not only entertainment, but also a way to strengthen friendship and cooperation among people from various backgrounds.
The Development of Volleyball in Indonesia
Volleyball is one of the most popular sports in Indonesia. The history of volleyball in Indonesia began in the early 20th century, when the Dutch still colonized Indonesia.
Volleyball was first introduced to Indonesia in 1915 by a Dutch sports teacher in Surabaya.
However, at that time, volleyball was still considered a sport that could only be played by Dutch people.
Only in 1928, volleyball began to be known among the people of Indonesia.
In that year, a group of Indonesians who had studied in the Netherlands formed the first volleyball club in Indonesia, which was named "Vollybal Bond".
Since then, volleyball has continued to develop in Indonesia. In 1952, Indonesia sent its first volleyball team to the Helsinki Olympics, Finland.
Even though the Indonesian team was only able to finish in 17th place, their participation in the Olympics marked the development of volleyball in Indonesia.
In 1961, the Indonesian Volleyball Federation (PBVSI) was officially formed. PBVSI responsible for regulating and developing the sport of volleyball in Indonesia.
PBVSI also became a member of the International Volleyball Federation (FIVB) in 1964. Since then, volleyball has continued to be a popular sport in Indonesia.
Many volleyball clubs were formed throughout Indonesia, and many Indonesian volleyball players have succeeded in achieving achievements at the national and international levels.
Besides that, volleyball is also a popular sport among Indonesian people.
Many schools and universities in Indonesia have volleyball teams, and many volleyball tournaments are held throughout Indonesia.
With the development of technology and social media, volleyball is increasingly popular in Indonesia. Today, many Indonesians love volleyball and follow developments in this sport around the world.
That's a little information about the inventor of volleyball, as well as the history of William G. Morgan in developing this volleyball.
So that along with the times, volleyball has undergone various changes and is now a sport that is enjoyed by millions of people around the world.