5 Basic Volleyball Rules That Players Must Master!

InfoKekinian.com – Every sport will definitely have its own rules, as well as volleyball. Where the basic rules of volleyball are of course common knowledge among sports lovers, especially volleyball.

Volleyball is one of the most popular sports in Indonesia and is widely played at various levels, from schools to national competitions.

Volleyball Basic Rules
This sport is very fun because it can be played in teams or individually, and can be played indoors or outdoors.

In addition, playing volleyball can also improve health and fitness. This game involves intense body movements and requires good concentration and coordination between team members.

However, to be able to play volleyball properly and correctly, there are some basic rules that every player needs to know.

These rules aim to maintain the safety of players, ensure fair play, and ensure that each player understands their respective roles in the team.

In this article, we will discuss some of the basic volleyball rules, the scoring system, possible fouls and mistakes, as well as substitutions and breaks in volleyball.

By understanding these rules, it is hoped that volleyball players and fans can enjoy the game better and avoid mistakes that can harm players.

Volleyball Basic Rules

Volleyball is a game played by two teams with each team consisting of six players.

The object of the game is to get the ball into the opponent's court and prevent the ball from falling into his own court.

Here are some basic volleyball rules:

1. Field

The volleyball court is 18 meters long and 9 meters wide. The center line that divides the field into two parts is 9 meters long.

The distance between the center line and the back line is 3 meters.

2. Service

Serve is how to start the game of volleyball. The serving player must stand behind the back line and throw the ball in the air and then hit it with his hands.

The serve must be made to the opponent's court and the ball must cross the top and side lines.

3. Punch

Players can hit the ball with their hands or arms. The first shot made by a team must be a pass (a shot sending the ball to another player) or a serve.

Players can hit the ball three times before the ball must be returned to the opponent's court.

4. Block

Blocking is a way to prevent the ball from an opposing player from falling into his own field.

The block must be made in front of the top line and the player doing the block must not touch the ball above the top line.

5. Score

Every time the ball lands on the opponent's court, that team will get one point. The team that reaches 25 points first and gains at least 2 points will win the set.

Volleyball matches generally consist of 3 sets or 5 sets, depending on the type of match being played.

Volleyball Scoring System

Volleyball Scoring System
In the game of volleyball, a scoring system is used to determine the winner of each match.

Points are awarded each time the ball lands on the opponent's court, and the team that reaches a certain point wins the set. The following is the scoring system in volleyball games:

1 set

Each volleyball game consists of several sets, and the team that wins the most sets wins the match.

The number of sets in a match depends on the type of match being played, but generally consists of three or five sets.

2. Points

Every time the ball lands on the opponent's court, that team will get one point.

Points can also be awarded if the opponent makes a mistake, such as failing to serve, stepping on the touchline, or hitting the ball out of bounds.

3. Final Score

Each set ends when one team reaches 25 points and is at least two points ahead.

If both teams are tied at 24 points or more, the set will continue until one team is two points ahead.

If the match ends in a draw, then additional sets will be played until one team reaches two points first.

4. Determination of Winners

The team that wins the most sets in a volleyball match will be the winner. If both teams have the same number of sets, then the number of points will determine the winner.

If the number of points is also the same, then the game will continue with additional sets until a team wins the set.

Fouls and Mistakes in Volleyball

Fouls and Mistakes in Volleyball
As in other sports, volleyball has rules and regulations that must be followed by every player.

Violations and mistakes made by players can result in points being awarded to the opponent or even disqualification from the match.

Here are some common violations and mistakes in volleyball:

1. Failed Service

A failed serve occurs when a player serves and the ball does not cross the net or enter the opponent's court. If the service is failed, points will be awarded to the opponent.

2. Double Punch

A double hit occurs when a player uses both hands to hit the ball in one motion. A double hit is considered a mistake and points will be awarded to the opponent.

3. Touch Net

Players may not touch the net during the game. If the player touches the net, points will be awarded to the opponent.

4. Enter the Opponent's Field

Players may not enter the opponent's court or touch the ball above the opponent's court. If this happens, points will be awarded to the opponent.

5. Blocking Under the Net

Blocks under the net may only be executed if the ball has not crossed the net or is still above the net. If a player blocks under the net, points will be awarded to the opponent.

6. Stepping on the Field Line

Players may not step on the court line when serving or hitting the ball. If the player steps on the court line, points will be awarded to the opponent.

7. Performing Service Outside the Service Zone

Each player has a service zone that must be followed when serving. If a player serves outside the service zone, points will be awarded to the opponent.

Substitutions and Rest Time in Volleyball

In volleyball, players may be substituted during the game to give tired players a break or to provide a new strategy for the team.

Here are some things to know about substitutions in volleyball:

1. Limited Substitution

Each team is only allowed to make six substitutions during a set game.

If a team has made six substitutions, they cannot make any more substitutions except in cases of injury.

2. Multiple Substitution

In volleyball, only one player can be substituted at a time. The incoming player must replace the same player in the same position.

3. Break Time

Each set of volleyball games has a regulated rest period. After the first and second sets, there is one minute of rest.

After the third set, his rest time was extended to two minutes.

4. Time-out

Each team is allowed two time-outs during each set of play.

Each time-out lasts 30 seconds and players may leave the court to rest or to receive directions from the coach.

Substitutions and rest periods are very important in volleyball to maintain team stamina and strategy.

Players and coaches must make good use of the rest time to prepare for the next set.

By following the existing rules, volleyball games will take place fairly and will be more interesting to watch.

Tips for Becoming a Better Volleyball Player

Tips for Becoming a Better Volleyball Player
Apart from understanding the basic rules and basic techniques in volleyball, there are some tips that can help players to improve their skills and become a better volleyball player. Here are some of those tips:

1. Regular Exercise

Regular practice is very important to improve skills in volleyball.

Players should practice basic techniques such as serves, smashes and passing regularly to improve their skills.

2. Improve Reflex Speed

Volleyball is a very fast game and requires good reflexes.

Players can increase their reflex speed by practicing blocking techniques and paying close attention to the ball's movement.

3. Choose the Right Shoes

The right shoes can help players carry out movements in volleyball games better. Choose shoes that are comfortable, lightweight, and provide adequate support for the feet.

4. Study Opponent's Moves

Players can improve their skills by studying the opponent's moves and looking for loopholes in their game.

Study the moves your opponent often makes and find ways to counter those moves.

5. Play with a Team

Volleyball is a team game that requires cooperation between players.

Playing with a team can help players to improve skills in communicating, strategizing, and building confidence.

By paying attention to the tips above, players can improve their skills in volleyball and become better players.

Always practice and never give up in achieving your goals.


That's a little information about some basic volleyball rules that you need to know before playing volleyball.

And as we all know, volleyball is a very fun and challenging sport.

However, to play the game properly, all players must understand the basic rules of volleyball.

Service rules, how to hit the ball, player positions and the scoring system of rallies are some of the things players should know.

By understanding the basic volleyball rules, players and fans can enjoy the game better and improve their skills.

Don't forget to always show good sportsmanship during matches and respect your teammates and opponents. Have fun playing volleyball!